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Canada occupies plenty of the continents of North the United States, sharing land borders with the contiguous USA to the south, and the USA country of Alaska to the northwest through overall region (together with its waters), Canada is the second one-largest usa within the global. Canada has claimed the part of the Arctic among 60° and 141°W longitude, latitude 82.5°N – which lies 817 kilometres (508 mi) from the North Pole.
Canada is the world's eleventh-biggest economy with an ostensible GDP of around US$1.79 trillion. It is an individual from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the Group of Eight (G8), and is one of the world's main ten exchanging countries, with an exceedingly globalized economy. Canada spent roughly C$31.3 billion on household innovative work, of which around $7 billion was given by the elected and common governments. The ranger service and petroleum commercial ventures are two of the most conspicuous parts.
As of 2015, the country has produced 13 Nobel laureates in physics, chemistry, and medicine, and was ranked fourth worldwide for scientific research quality in a major 2012 survey of international scientists. Canada Institutes of Health Research provides funds for the research activities in Canada. University of Toronto is the largest medical Institute in Canada. Canada ranks fourth in the world for the quality of its scientific research, according to a survey. University of Toronto-School of Dentistry is the best University providing Dental Research and publishes journals. University of Toronto – School of Dentistry, University of Alberta, British Columbia University, University of Manitoba and Concordia University are the best Dental Universities in Canada which promotes the research.