Italy officially the Italian Republic is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. With 61 million inhabitants, it is the 4th most populous EU member state. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican City.
Italy is located in southern Europe in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, covering an area of 301,338 square kilometers of which 294,020 square kilometers is land and 7,210 square kilometers is water. It is having France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican City as its neighboring countries and is roughly delimited by the Alpine watershed, enclosing the Po Valley and the Venetian Plain. The country is situated at the meeting point of the Eurasian Plate and the African Plate, leading to considerable seismic and volcanic activity having 14 volcanoes in the territory. It is referred to in Italy as ‘The Boot’ due to its geographical shape. It has highly diverse temperate seasonal climate ranging from humid subtropical to humid continental and oceanic with harsh winters and hot summers.
Italy has a capitalist mixed economy, ranking as the third-largest in the Eurozone and the eighth-largest in the world. The country is a founding member of the G7, G8, the Eurozone and the OECD. Italy has fostered the scientific community that produced many major discoveries in physics and the other sciences. During the Renaissance Italian polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519), Michelangelo (1475–1564) and Leon Battista Alberti (1404–72) made important contributions to a variety of fields, including biology, architecture, and engineering.
As in most highly developed countries, Italian dentists’ perception of the economic crisis. It presents the first findings of an empirical research that was carried out in order to verify if and to what extent this occupational category perceived the economic crisis, if any threats were felt, what changes and challenges it was experiencing and what kind of strategies the profession has been implementing in order to overcome the crisis.