alexa Diminishing the Impact of Substance Abuse and Improving Mental Health in the United States | Open Access Journals
ISSN: 2155-6105
Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
Like us on:
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Diminishing the Impact of Substance Abuse and Improving Mental Health in the United States

Antony Fernandez1,3* and W. Victor R. Vieweg1,2

1Departments of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia, USA

2Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia, USA

3Psychiatry Service, Virginia Commonwealth University, Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Antony Fernandez
Departments of Psychiatry
Virginia Commonwealth University
Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Richmond, Virginia, USA
E-mail: [email protected]

Received July 17, 2012; Accepted July 18, 2012; Published July 22, 2012

Citation: Fernandez A, Vieweg WVR (2012) Dim ealth in the United States. J Addict Res Ther 3:e111. doi:10.4172/2155-6105.1000e111

Copyright: © 2012 Fernandez A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

able border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" class="table"> The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), a division of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), is charged with reducing the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America’s communities. We review recent legislation and initiatives that move us in that direction. In March 2010, President Obama signed into law the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (together referred to as the Affordable Care Act). This law makes health insurance coverage more affordable for individuals, families, and the owners of small businesses. Broadening health insurance for citizens particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of substance abuse and mental illness is a monumental step in promoting overall good mental health in the United States. The Affordable Care Act is just one aspect of a broader movement toward a reformed behavioral health system. The evidence base behind behavioral health prevention, treatment, and recovery services continues to grow and promises better outcomes for people with and at risk for mental and substance use disorders [1]. Health reform will have a dramatic impact on the nation’s mental health system. It will increase access to services and reduce physical and mental health disparities experienced by socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, and racial and ethnic minorities. Similar to physical illnesses, mental and substance use disorders lead to diminished quality of life, impair both individuals and communities, consume scare National resources, and shorten life expectancy if they are not prevented, left untreated, or are poorly managed. Their presence exacerbates the cost of treating co-morbid physical diseases resulting in some of the highest disability burdens in the world for individuals, families, businesses, and governments [2]. The impact of the Affordable Care Act on communities will be enormous because this initiative will reduce the burden of substance abuse and mental illness in the United States. The annual cost of substance abuse in the United States is in the region of $510.8 billion [3]. It is estimated that by 2020 mental health disorders will surpass all physical diseases as a major cause of disability worldwide [4]. In 2008, an estimated 9.8 million adults aged 18 and older in the United States had a serious mental illness. Two million youth aged 12 to 17 had a major depressive episode during the past year [5]. In 2009, an estimated 23.5 million Americans aged 12 and older needed treatment for substance use [6]. Half of all lifetime cases of mental and substance use disorders begin by age 14 and three-fourths by age 24 [7]. Individuals, families, and communities will not achieve optimum mental health without freedom from mental illness and addictions. Preventive interventions and recovery oriented services for mental illness are important aspects of health service systems. We need communitywide strategies to improve health status and lower costs for individuals, families, organizations, and governments. Promoting good mental health and the preventing substance abuse and mental illness are key parts of SAMHSA’s mission to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America’s communities. The evidence base in this area continues to grow and was recently summarized by the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, Preventing Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Disorders among Young People. The Affordable Care Act also emphasizes prevention and promotional activities. Goals include primary prevention, building emotional health, and preventing complications from substance abuse and mental illness. Given the resource constraints faced at all levels of government, the need for a system to track outcomes and improve the quality of services cannot be overemphasized. This will ensure that adequate resources are directed to effective approaches. Both outside and inside of government, there is a demand for increased data. The GPRA Modernization Act of 2010, which amends the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) of 1993, requires SAMHSA to report information to HHS on a quarterly basis. In addition, better coordination is needed around data collection and evaluation at multiple levels. Finally, although accepting the importance of treating substance abuse and mental illness is greater now than at any time in the past, a great need exists for public awareness around mental and substance use disorders. Serious gaps exist between the number of people who need treatment for mental and substance use disorders and those who seek that treatment. Prejudicial attitudes toward people with mental and substance use disorders impede their recovery and create barriers to their ability to lead full lives integrated within their communities. Organizations such as SAMHSA are leading the way and will continue to improve the Nation’s behavioral health, transform health care in America, and achieve excellence in this important area.

References

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Relevant Topics

Recommended Conferences

Article Usage

  • Total views: 11519
  • [From(publication date):
    August-2012 - Aug 23, 2017]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 7765
  • PDF downloads :3754
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords