Saudi Arabia is an Arab country constituting Arabian Peninsula surrounded by Red Sea and Persian Gulf coastlines. Its capital city is Riyadh well-known for skyscraper filled metropolis. Two famous mosques are situated in the country – Masjid al-Haram in Mecca and Medina’s Masjid an-Nabawi.
Geographically, the country is the fifth largest country in Asia with the land area of approx. 2,150,000 km2. It is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast, and Yemen to the south. As the country is mostly covered with deserts, the climate varies with high day time temperatures and sharp temperature drop at nights.
Economy of the country is mostly based on the petroleum reserves and export earnings from oil industry. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has given special consideration to scientific research in the main policies of its Eighth Development Plan in order to promote scientific innovation, as well as develop universities and other research and development centers.
The Noble Prize is awarded to the people mostly related to Physics, Medicine, Chemistry, Literature and Peace; this nation has not produced Nobel laureates so far, but 2 people acted as nominators. List of Engineering Journals Saudi Arabia are Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, Journal of Kind Saud University – Engineering sciences, World Journal of Engineering, International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology.