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Spain is a sovereign state largely located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, with an extensive group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, and several small territories on and near the North African coast.
Geographically the mainland of Spain is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean. Along with France and Morocco, it is one of only three countries to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. Extending to 1,214 km (754 mi), the Portugal–Spain border is the longest uninterrupted border within the European Union.
Spain being the Europe's fourth largest country and with a growth rate of 1.3% has doubled research and development spending to 47 billion euros (US$65 billion) for 2008-2011 to be part of more competitive atmosphere in science & Research. They started many research program related to Engineering are Parallel programming/Performance tools, Computer architecture/embedded systems, Bioinformatics and computational genomics.
In Literature, Engineering, medical and Chemistry, this island nation produced 8 Nobel laureates so far. Spain has established infrastructure for advanced Engineering research. Spain Agency for Engineering Research and Development monitors the funding and integration of the R & D related to Engineering technology in the country. The University of Barcelona is the leading Institution in engineering technology in spain. Spain is ranked number 3 in publishing highest number of articles in Computer architecture/embedded systems. Numerous Engineering journals are published from spain with good reputation. Several leading Institution in the country including Complutense University of Madrid, Polytechnic University of Catalonia, University of Granada, and others are spearheading the Engineering research.