The United Kingdom (UK) is an island nation located in Western Europe. UK is one of the world's most developed nations and as such it has a global influence.
Geographically, United Kingdom is a unique country made up of four nations: England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. England, Wales, and Scotland also make up Great Britain. The UK is bordered by four seas, south by the English Channel, which separates it from continental Europe-east by the North Sea-west by the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
United Kingdom is the third largest economic country in Europe and also called as one of the world’s largest financial centers. The majority of the UK's economy is due to its industrial sectors. Huge manufacturing and exports by many multinational conglomerate companies of UK are machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum.
So far 118 people were awarded as Nobel laureates in United Kingdom. Currently most of the research is going on Spotlight on energy, Spotlight on innovation and many more. Royal Academy of Engineering and Royal Society monitor the funding and for the R & D related to Engineering in the country. University of Cambridge and University of Oxford are the leading Institution in engineering research in United Kingdom. Numerous Engineering journals were serving to develop the scientific community from United Kingdom with good reputation. Several leading Journals in the country like International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, International Journal of Robust and Nonlinear Control provides knowledge base over the current researches in engineering.