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Argentina is a federal republic located in southeastern South America. Sharing its neighbour Chile with the bulk of the Southern Cone, In the north it is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay; Brazil to the northeast; Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east; Chile to the west and the Drake Passage to the south.
Geographically Argentina is Second in South America only to Brazil in size and population, Argentina is a plain, rising from the Atlantic to the Chilean border and the towering Andes peaks. Aconcagua is the highest peak in the world outside Asia.
With a Gross Domestic Product of more than US$ 540 billion, Argentina is one of the largest economies in Latin America. In recent years, the country has focused on economic development with social inclusion. Argentina's economy enjoys valuable natural resources. It is a leading food producer with large-scale agricultural and livestock industries. The country is pioneer in advanced research in nuclear physics, biotechnology, nanotechnology, space and rocket technology and several fields related to the country's main economic activities.
(In Medicine, Chemistry this nation produced 3 Nobel laureates and in peace 2 Nobel laureates so far. Argentina is a charter member of the United Nations. It belongs to ECLAC and all the non-regional specialized agencies, such as IAEA, FAO, IFC, UNIDO, UNESCO, WHO, ILO, and IMF. It is a member of the World Bank and joined the WTO. Argentina belongs to the G-6, the Australia Group, the Zangger Committee, the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, the Nuclear Suppliers Group. IN cooperation on environmental issues, Argentina is part of the Antarctic Treaty, the Basel Convention, the Convention on Biological Diversity. Argentina’s strength in agricultural and food products presents opportunities for U.S. exporters of food processing and packaging equipment in market niches due to recent growth in food exports. Numerous food science related journals are published from Argentina with good reputation. Several leading Institution in the country including. National Scientific and Technological Research Council (CONICET), Autonomous University of Entre Ríos, University of Buenos Aires, National University Arturo Jauretche and others are spearheading the Food processing Research.