Italy is located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea. Italy borders with Switzerland, France, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican city. Almost 40% of the Italian territory is mountainous. Most of Italy's rivers drain either into the Adriatic Sea or into the Tyrrhenian. Italy includes several islands. The largest are Sicily and Sardinia. Italy is the 4th most populous European Union member state with 61 million Populations.
Geographically, the country consists of four major islands, they are, Sicily, Sardinia, Elba and Tuscan. The longest island consists of chain islands known as “Tuscan Archipelago. All islands consist of many active volcanoes. Italy is a long peninsular European country which is surrounded by Tyrrhenian Sea and Adriatic Sea. Sub-tropical climate ranges from Northern side of this country are mostly appreciable.
Italy is regarded as one of the world's most industrialized nations and a leading country in world trade and exports. Reflection is completely observed in the Wealth and its culture in Vast. Peculiar Institutions are happened in Catholic Era in Italy only. It is the eight largest economies in the world and third largest in the European Union. Italy has highest life expectancy in the EU the high level of human development.
In the field of Informatics, and pharma the nation has delivered around 21 Noble Laureates. Camillo golgi, Rita levi Montalcini, Mario R Capecchi, Salvador E.Luria, Renato Dulbecco are the noble laureates in medicine. Healthcare spending in Italy accounted for 9.2% of GDP in 2012 (about $3,200 per capita) of which about 77% is public, slightly lower than the average of 9.3% in OECD countries. Italy's healthcare system was regarded, by World Health Organization's ranking, as the 2nd best in the world. Numerous Healthcare journals are published from Italy with good reputation.