Mexico is a federal republic in North America. Mexico is the fourth largest country in the western hemisphere and is rich in natural resources such as oil and natural gas. Mexico’s efforts to develop and modernize its economy—one of the 15th largest in the world—have been slowed by the nation’s rugged terrain, limited farmland, a rapidly growing population. The nation’s capital, Mexico City, is by some counts the largest city in the world. In Latin America, only Brazil has a larger population than Mexico.
Mexico is bordered by the United States on the north, the Pacific Ocean on the west, the Gulf of Mexico where Merida resides and the Caribbean Sea on the east where Cancun resides, and Guatemala and Belize to the south. It is characterized by an extraordinary diversity in topography and climate and is crossed by two major mountain systems, the Sierra Madre Occidental and the Sierra Madre Oriental. The high central plateau between these two mountain ranges historically funneled most of the human population toward the center of this region. Mexico features volcanic peaks, snow-capped mountains, tropical rain forests, and internationally famous beaches. Mexico City is an enormous metropolitan area and dominates the rest of the country’s culture, economy, and politics.
Mexico has a $1.26 trillion economy, making it the 15th largest economy in the world, and the 11th taking into account power purchasing parity. With its 122 million inhabitants, the GDP per capita currently stands at about $10,000, placing it firmly in the “upper middle income” countries. Mexico is traditionally seen as a commodities and manufacturing giant. It has the largest proven silver reserves in the world, and the tenth largest oil reserves. Mexico does funds some research, although as a country in development it funds not nearly as much as it could/should. There are biomedical institutes that do genetic engineering, physics, genetic and medicine/biomedicine/genetic engineering, usually focused on Cancer research and brain function.
There are three nobel laureates in this country each one in chemistry, literature and peace so far. Mexico’s medical infrastructure consists of a massive social security organization called Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), which includes a network of hospitals, clinics, and full-time physicians, and also a number of federal government-financed public hospitals that provide medical care to indigent people. Additionally, 10 national health institutes are devoted to medical education, research, and excellence in health care. The legal framework and funding mechanisms of the national health research system were recently reformed in Mexico. Healthcare Journals in Mexico include Mediclatina, Journal of healthcare management. Mexico is provided via public institutions, private entities, or private physicians. Healthcare delivered through private organizations operates entirely on the free-market system, i.e., it is available to those who can afford it. This is also the case of healthcare obtained from private physicians at their private office or clinic. Public healthcare delivery, on the other hand, is accomplished via an elaborate provisioning and delivery system put in place by the Mexican Federal Government. In 2012, Mexico achieved universal healthcare. Medical journals Mexico were published in Mexico mostly in Spanish language. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México are some of the top medical universities in the world. Health Care Research Institutes of Mexico include The National Public Health Institute of Mexico(The Center for Health Systems Research), Centro medico ABC.