Australia is a country and a continent, which includes mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans. Australia is known for the great reef and only continent with marsupial such as kangaroo, duck billed platypus.
Australia is the sixth largest country and the smallest continent neighbored by Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the French dependency of New Caledonia to the east, and New Zealand to the southeast. The geography of the country is extremely diverse, ranging from the snow-capped mountains of the Australian Alps and Tasmania to large deserts, tropical and temperate forests.
The Australian economy is dominated by its service sector, comprising 68% of GDP. The mining sector represents 7% of GDP; including services to mining, the total value of the mining industry in 2009-10 was 8.4% of GDP. Economic growth is largely dependent on the mining sector and agricultural sector. Technological advances enabled Australia to lead the world. The country is pioneer in advanced research in electronics, machinery, informatics, computer science, robotics and medical sciences.
Australian continent has received 15 Nobel prizes so far in fields of Physics, Physiology or Medicine, Economics, Literature, Chemistry. Australian Research Council monitors the funding and integration of informatics related to medical sciences. Association of Australian Medical Research Institutes and Research Australia are the leading institution in informatics. Top informatics journals include Australasian Journal of Information Systems, Academia Journal of Educational Research, Journal of Information Technology Education: Research. Several leading Institution in the country including The Adelaide Proteomics Centre, Australian National University, EMBL Australian Bioinformatics Resource, La Trobe University and others are spearheading the informatics.