Canada, stretching from the U.S. in the south to the Arctic Circle in the north, is filled with vibrant cities including massive, multicultural Toronto; predominantly French-speaking Montréal and Québec City; Vancouver and Halifax on the Pacific and Atlantic coasts, respectively; and Ottawa, the capital. It’s also crossed by the Rocky Mountains and home to vast swaths of protected wilderness.
Canada is the world's second largest country in total area. Forests prevail throughout the country, including the Arctic, the Coast Mountains and Saint Elias Mountains. The relatively flat Prairies facilitate agriculture. The Great Lakes feed the St. Lawrence River (in the southeast) where lowlands host much of Canada's population.
Today Canada closely resembles the U.S. in its market-oriented economic system and pattern of production. Its economy continues to recovery from the effects of the financial crisis of 2007–08. International trade makes up a large part of the Canadian economy, particularly of its natural resources. Canada has the 11th (nominal) or 15th-largest (PPP) economy in the world (measured in US dollars at market exchange rates), is one of the world's wealthiest nations, and is a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Group of Seven (G7). Technological advances enabled Canada as one of the lead. The country is pioneer in advanced research in Food and agriculture, Transportation and mobility, Science and medicine and informatics.
Thirteen Canadian scientists have won the Nobel Prize in different categories like Chemistry, Medicine, Physics, Peace, Literature and Economics. The National Research Council (NRC) is the primary national research and technology organization (RTO) of the Government of Canada, in science and technology research and development in the fields of Therapeutics beyond brain barriers program, Vaccines program, Industrial biomaterials, biological program and informatics like Mathematical Biology. Following is the list of Informatics journals Canada i.e. Canadian Journal of Nursing Informatics, Journal of Environmental Informatics, Information Systems, Computer Science Applications, Computational Theory and Mathematics. Top Canadian university in the field of informatics is Computer science institutes in Canada, Alberta Research Council, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Toronto Western Research Institute.