China is official known as People's Republic of China from 1949 which is situated in the Asia Pacific region and has international borders with 14 sovereign states North Korea, Russia, Mongolia, India, Myanmar, Bhutan, etc. The iconic Great Wall of China fortification runs east-west across the country's north.
Its vast landscape encompasses grassland, desert, mountain ranges, lakes, rivers and 14,500km of coastline. Beijing, the capital, mixes modern architecture with historic sites including sprawling Tiananmen Square. Its largest city, Shanghai, is a skyscraper-studded global financial center.
China is also the world's fastest growing consumer market and second largest importer of goods in the world. It excelled in all arenas of research and development. According to world nominal GDP computation, China is having second-largest economy and world’s largest as per power purchasing parity. Technological advances enabled China to lead the world. The country is pioneer in advanced research in genetic engineering, informatics studies and astronomy.
In Physics, Medicine, Peace and Literature, Chinese citizens produced 8 Nobel laureates so far. China has established infrastructure for advanced in genetic engineering. There are several funding agency which serve the strategic aims of the country and meet the needs of different research areas such as Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), and the China Scholarship Council (CSC) affiliated to the Ministry of Education (MoE). The Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing is the leading Institution in Mathematics and Physics, Chemistry, Life Sciences and Medical Science, Earth Sciences, Information Technological Sciences, Technological Sciences. State Key Laboratory is a leading institute in proteomics research. Numerous informatics journals are published from China with good reputation and several leading Institution in the country including The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Peking University, Tsinghua University, Fudan University and others are spearheading the informatics research.