Destination Great Britain, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) and Britain, is a country in northern Europe that consists of England, Wales, Scotland, and the province of Northern Ireland which occupies the northeastern part of the island of Ireland. Regional assemblies with varying degrees of power opened in Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland in 1999. The first half of the 20th century saw the UK's strength seriously depleted in two World Wars. The second half witnessed the dismantling of the Empire and the UK rebuilding itself into a modern and prosperous European nation.
The UK lies between the North Atlantic and the North Sea, and comes within the north-west coast of France, from which it is separated by the English Channel. It shares a 499 km international land boundary with the Republic of Ireland. The Channel Tunnel bored beneath the English Channel, now links the .The Royal Greenwich Observatory, in South East London, is the defining point of the Prime Meridian.
The service sector dominates the UK economy, contributing around 78% of GDP; the financial services industry is particularly important and London is the world's largest financial Centre the automotive industry is also a major employer and exporter. The British economy is boosted by North Sea oil and gas production; its reserves were valued at an estimated £120 billion in 2011.
The UK is highly successful and international in research of information technology. The UK has a long tradition of excellence in research, and over the years 114 Nobel Prizes have been awarded to UK-based researchers and they are shown to be highly productive. UK research papers make up 20% of the world’s most highly cited research papers (with over 1,000 citations) yet the UK spends only 4% of the world’s total expenditure on scientific research and development. There have been numerous lists of informatics journals in United Kingdom such as United Kingdom Journal of Informatics and many other UK informatics journals which are running with good number of articles and good reputation.