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Japan is an Asian country which is in the Asia Pacific region and a neighbor of P.R. China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia. The word Japan refers to “sun origin”, therefore, this country is known as "Land of the Rising Sun.
Geographically, the whole country consists of four major islands, they are, Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku. Altogether, the country is having 6,852 islands. The country is having a chain of islands (archipelago) with numerous composite volcanos. Politically, Japan is part of the UN along with other global alliances such as G7, G8, and the G20 .
After huge suffering from atomic bombing during World War II, Japan excelled in all arenas of research and development. According to world nominal GDP computation, Japan is having third-largest economy and fourth in the world as per power purchasing parity.
Technological advances enabled Japan to lead the world. The country is pioneer in advanced research in electronics, machinery, biomedical devices, computer science, robotics and material sciences.
In Physics, Medicine and Chemistry, this island nation produced 21 Nobel laureates so far. Japan has established infrastructure for advanced in Material sciences. Japan Agency for Material science and Development monitors the funding and integration of the R & D related to nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the country. The University of Tokyo is the leading Institution in Material sciences in Japan. According to the report by Norio Taniguchi 1974, who awarded noble prize, coined the term nanotechnology to describe semiconductor process, separation, consolidation. Numerous material science journals are published from Japan with good reputation. Several leading Institution in the country including University of Tokyo, Hiroshima University, Hokkaido University, and others are spearheading the Material sciences.