Saudi Arabia, Country in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia is a desert country encompassing most of the Arabian Peninsula, with Red Sea and Persian (Arabian) Gulf coastlines. Known as the birthplace of Islam.The around countries of saudi Arabia are Iran ,Iraq, Kuwait, Egypt, sudan etc..
Saudi Arabia, Sovereign: King Salman, land area is 29,995 sq mi (2,149,690 sq km) and population is 27,345,986 (growth rate: 1.49%); birth rate: 18.78/1000; infant mortality rate: 14.58/1000; life expectancy: 74.82; density per sq mi: 31, Capital and largest city is Riyadh, 5.451 million and other largest cities are Jeddah, 3.578 millioin; Makkah (Mecca), 1.591 million.
Saudi Arabia is the biggest economy in the region. In 2007, for instance, GDP in current US$ amounted to 384 billion 3 with an annual growth rate of 4.2%. For comparison, United Arab Emirates, the second largest economy in the GCC countries, had a GDP of $198 billion for the same year; whereas Egypt recorded $130 billion. The economic performance during the last two 5-year development plans (for 2000-2004 and 2005-2009) was impressive. During the Seventh NDP (2000-2004), real GDP grew by 3.7% on annual basis; and for the period 2005-2009, it grew by 3.5% annually. This happened at a time of a severe global economic crisis.
Material science study of ceramics and composites, metals and alloys, polymers and plastics, and biomaterials. These are the best universities for materials science in the Arab region, based on their research in the field.
In Material science, this island nation produced 18 Nobel laureates so far. Saudi arabia Agency for Material science and Development monitors the funding and integration of the R & D related to nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the country. The King Abdullah University of Science & Technology of in Material sciences in Saudiarabia. Mohammad Abdus Salam,awarded noble prize,for prediction of weak nuclear current. Several leading Institution in the country including King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, King Abdullah University of Science & Technology King Saud University and others are spearheading the Material sciences.