India is a vast South Asian country with diverse terrain – from Himalayan peaks to Indian Ocean coastline – and history reaching back 5 millennia. In the north, Mughal Empire landmarks include Delhi’s Red Fort complex, massive Jama Masjid mosque and Agra’s iconic Taj Mahal mausoleum. Pilgrims bathe in the Ganges in Varanasi, and Rishikesh is a yoga center and base for Himalayan trekking.
The Himalayas form the highest mountain range in the world, and slope southward into a large fertile plain that covers much of India. Three mountain ranges extend from the Indus River in the northwest, to the Brahmaputra River in the east, including the Himadri, Himachal and Shivaliks - all with deep canyons gorged by the fast-flowing water. India's highest point is Kanchenjunga which rises 28,208 ft. (8,598 m). The land rises slightly into two plateaus, bordered in the central and south by lower mountains (Ghats) that gently slope into narrow coastal plains. Numerous rivers drain the land, and without question, the Ganges is the heartbeat of India and one of the most significant rivers on the planet.
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in India expanded 1.70 percent in the fourth quarter of 2015 over the previous quarter. GDP Growth Rate in India averaged 1.66 percent from 1996 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 5.30 percent in the second quarter of 2009 and a record low of -1.70 percent in the first quarter of 2009.
Manjul Bhargava won the Fields Medal while Subhash Khot won the Rolf Nevanlinna Prize, awarded by the International Mathematical Union (IMU), at the International Congress of Mathematicians 2014 held in Seoul. Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics (IJPAM) is devoted to publication of selected papers dealing with original research in Pure and Applied Mathematics, Statistics as well as topics in Mathematical Sciences such as Operations Research, Mathematical Economics, Mathematics Biology, and Computer Science. It is published by the Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi. The Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics (IJPAM) is published by the Indian National Science Academy (INSA). It is devoted to original research in all areas of Pure and Applied Mathematics, Statistics and other related areas. It enjoys good reputation and popularity at international level in terms of research papers and distribution worldwide.