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Saudi Arabia, Country in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia is a desert country encompassing most of the Arabian Peninsula, with Red Sea and Persian (Arabian) Gulf coastlines. Known as the birthplace of Islam.The around countries of saudi Arabia are Iran ,Iraq, Kuwait, Egypt, sudan etc.. The country is pioneer in advanced research in electronics, machinery, biomedical devices, computer science, mathematics, robotics and medical sciences.
Saudi Arabia, Sovereign: King Salman, land area is 29,995 sq mi (2,149,690 sq km) and population is 27,345,986 (growth rate: 1.49%); birth rate: 18.78/1000; infant mortality rate: 14.58/1000; life expectancy: 74.82; density per sq mi: 31, Capital and largest city is Riyadh, 5.451 million and other largest cities are Jeddah, 3.578 millioin; Makkah (Mecca), 1.591 million.After all, mathematics was regarded not as a deductive study, but as an inductive one.
Saudi Arabia is the biggest economy in the region. In 2007, for instance, GDP in current US$ amounted to 384 billion 3 with an annual growth rate of 4.2%. For comparison, United Arab Emirates, the second largest economy in the GCC countries, had a GDP of $198 billion for the same year; whereas Egypt recorded $130 billion. The economic performance during the last two 5-year development plans (for 2000-2004 and 2005-2009) was impressive. During the Seventh NDP (2000-2004), real GDP grew by 3.7% on annual basis; and for the period 2005-2009, it grew by 3.5% annually. This happened at a time of a severe global economic crisis. Various mathematics related journlas are published form Saudi Arabia.
Academics in Saudi Arabia have been urged in an open letter signed by 18 Nobel Prize winners to condemn the public flogging of blogger Raif Badawi. Research and development expenditure (% of gdp) in saudi arabia was last measured at 0.08 in 2009, according to the world bank. Expenditures for research and development are current and capital expenditures (both public and private) on creative work undertaken systematically to increase knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture, and society, and the use of knowledge for new applications. R&d covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Numerous Mathemetics journals are published from Saudi Arabia with good reputation. Several leading Institution in the country including King Saud University,King Abdulaziz University, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, United Arab Emirates University, and others are spearheading the medical research).