Argentina is a federal republic located in southeastern South America. Argentina, meaning "land of silver," is a rich and vast land—second largest (after Brazil) in South America and eighth largest in the world. Argentina is bordered by the Andes Mountains and Chile to the west. The country is divided into four regions: The Andes, the North, the Pampas, and Patagonia. The people of Argentina are well-educated and 97% of the population can read and write. Argentina is rich in animal species.
Argentina is bordered by the Andes in the west and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, neighboring countries are Chile to the west, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast. It has 3,100 miles (4,989km) of coastline. Its landscape is extremely varied, with the top sub-tropical and sun-baked, and its sub-Antarctic bottom tip glistening with icy waters and glaciers. Argentina’s lowest point is Laguna del Carbón in Santa Cruz Province, sitting 105m (344ft) below sea level.
Argentina's economy enjoys valuable natural resources. It is a leading food producer with large-scale agricultural and livestock industries. The country is pursuing an active foreign policy agenda and represents Latin America in the G-20, together with Mexico and Brazil. Argentina’s economy expanded a remarkable 2.1% in 2015, thus accelerating over 2014’s increase. Early in the twentieth century Argentina had one of the highest per capita GDP levels in the world and the third largest economy in the developing world. Research and development in Argentina are concerned with medicine, nuclear physics, biotechnology, nanotechnology, space and rocket technology and several fields related to the country's main economic activities.