Brazil fifth largest country by both area and population bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km. It is the fifth largest country in the world. It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and occupies 47.3 percent of the continent of South America.
Brazil occupies roughly half of South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil covers a total area of 8,514,215 km2 which includes 8,456,510 km2 of land and 55,455 km2 of water. The highest point in Brazil is Pico da Neblina at 2,994 m. Brazil is bordered by the countries of Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, and France (overseas department of France. The rainforest that covers the Amazon Basin constitutes almost half of the rainforests on Earth.
Brazil has been able to use consistent economic growth to lift around 40 million people out of poverty. Brazil has seen their incomes rise, with the poorest benefiting significantly more than the richest. Family enterprises account for 84% of Brazilian farms and 24% of farm land. Unlike the subsistence agriculture practiced by the majority of African smallholders, family farms in Brazil are well integrated into lucrative export markets. The recognition of the country's "social debt" towards the poorest has also ensured an ongoing political commitment to tackle poverty and inequality. From 2000 to 2012, Brazil was one of the fastest-growing major economies in the world. In 2012 Forbes ranked Brazil as having the 5th largest number of billionaires in the world, a number much larger than what is found in other Latin American countries, and even ahead of United Kingdom and Japan.
In Brazil the Technological research is largely carried out in list of Nursing journals Brazil in public universities and in the research institutes . The most esteemed technological centers in the Brazil are the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, the INPE, the Butantan Institute and the Air Force's Aerospace Technical Center of Brazil Nursing journals list. The Brazilian Space Agency has the most advanced Nursing journals Brazil and space program in Latin America which is having significant resources to launch vehicles and manufacture of satellite list of Brazil journals. The Peter Medawar, born in Brazil is one of the Noble Laureates in Physiology or Medicine in the year 1960. José Leite Lopes, is the only Brazilian physicist holder of UNESCO Science Prize, Artur Ávila is the first Latin American winner of Fields Medal and Fritz Müller is pioneer in factual support the theory of evolution by Charles Darwin. Several leading Institution in the country including the Nursing School of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS, University of Campinas School of Medical Sciences, Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas and others are spearheading the medical research Nursing journals.