alexa
Reach Us +44-176-4910199
A Picture Paints a Thousand Words | OMICS International
ISSN: 2161-069X
Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Like us on:

Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

A Picture Paints a Thousand Words

Brian Christopher* and John Keohane

Department of Gastroenterology, Our Lady of Lourdes, Drogheda, Ireland

*Corresponding Author:
Brian Christopher
Dept of Gastroenterology
Our Lady of Lourdes, Drogheda, Ireland
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: September 24, 2014; Accepted date: September 26, 2014; Published date: September 30, 2014

Citation: Christopher B (2014) A Picture Paints a Thousand Words. J Gastroint Dig Syst 4:222. doi:10.4172/2161-069X.1000222

Copyright: © 2014 Christopher B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Description

A 56 year old woman was referred by her general practitioner with ongoing malaise. She had a history of recurrent epistaxis. On examination, there was extensive mucocutaneous telangiectasia (Figure 1). Her father and brother have a history of epistaxis and facial telangiectasia. Her presenting haemoglobin was 6.6 g/dl (normal, 13.0-18.0 g/dl), microcytic picture and ferritin of 3 ng/ml (normal, 22-274 ng/ml). She was transfused with packed red cells.

gastrointestinal-digestive-system-Mucocutaneous-telangiectasias

Figure 1(a): Mucocutaneous telangiectasias

gastrointestinal-digestive-system-Mucocutaneous-telangiectasias

Figure 1(b): Mucocutaneous telangiectasias

Push enteroscopy revealed multiple gastrointestinal telangiectasia. These were successfully coagulated with bipolar electrocoagulation (Gold Probe; Microvasive BostonScientific, Natick, MA) (Figure 2). Ileocolonoscopy was normal. She was discharged on oral iron. A diagnosis of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) [1-3] was made based on epistaxis history, family history and presence of mucocutaneous telangiectasias.

gastrointestinal-digestive-system-Small-bowel

Figure 2: Small bowel angiodysplasia

HHT also known as Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder. Patients may present with epistaxis or gastrointestinal bleeding with characteristic mucocutaneous telangiectasia on mucosal surfaces. Arteriovenous malformations (AVM’s) can be present in lung (50%), hepatic (30%) and cerebral circulations (10%). Pulmonary AVM’s may lead to paradoxical embolic stroke and brain abscess. Large hepatic AVM’s may cause anaemia and cardiac failure1. Cerebral AVMs are usually silent and multiple2. Headaches and seizures may occur due to ischaemia or haemorrhage. The prevalence is between 1: 5000 and 1: 80003.

By age 16, 70% manifest signs rising to 90% at age 40. The international consensus diagnostic criteria (Curacao criteria) are based on findings below:-

Spontaneous / recurrent epistaxis

Multiple mucocutaneuous telangeictasias

Visceral involvement

First degree relative with HHT

The diagnosis of HHT is definite when three or all of the above criteria are met. If two are met, the diagnosis is suspected. The treatment is individualised, supportive, and depending on the viscera affected. Mortality and morbidity is directly linked to the extent of visceral involvement.

References

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Article Usage

  • Total views: 12128
  • [From(publication date):
    October-2014 - Nov 22, 2019]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 8340
  • PDF downloads : 3788
Top