alexa Assessment of Natural and Artificial Radioactivity Levels and Radiation Hazards and their Relation to Heavy Metals in the Industrial Area of Port Said City, Egypt | Open Access Journals
ISSN: 2157-7617
Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
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Assessment of Natural and Artificial Radioactivity Levels and Radiation Hazards and their Relation to Heavy Metals in the Industrial Area of Port Said City, Egypt

Attia TE1,3*, Shendi EH2 and Shehata MA1
1Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Port Said University, Port Said, Egypt
2Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
3Earth Science Department, Faculty of Science, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya
Corresponding Author : Attia TE
Geology Department
Faculty of Science
Port Said University
Port Said, Egypt, Tel: +218918089140; E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 06, 2014; Accepted February 27, 2014, 2013; Published March 02, 2014
Citation: Attia TE, Shendi EH, Shehata MA (2014) Assessment of Natural and Artificial Radioactivity Levels and Radiation Hazards and their Relation to Heavy Metals in the Industrial Area of Port Said City, Egypt. J Earth Sci Clim Change 5:188. doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000188
Copyright: © 2014 Attia TE, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

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Abstract

A detailed gamma ray spectrometry survey was carried out to make an action in environmental impact assessment
of urbanization and industrialization on Port Said city, Egypt. The concentrations of the measured radioelements U-238,
Th-232 in ppm, and K-40 %, in addition to the total counts of three selected randomly dumping sites (A, B and C) were
mapped. The concentration maps represent a base line for the radioactivity in the study area in order to detect any future
radioactive contamination. These concentrations are ranging between 0.2 to 21 ppm for U-238 and 0.01 to 13.4 ppm
for Th-232 as well as 0.15 to 3.8 % for K-40, whereas the total count values range from 8.7 to 123.6Ur. Moreover, the
dose rate was mapped using the same spectrometer and survey parameters in order to assess the radiological effect
of these radioelements. The dose rate values range from (0.12 to 1.61mSv/year). Eighteen soil samples were collected
from the sites with high radioelement concentrations and dose rates to determine the activity concentrations of Ra-226,
Th-232 and K-40 using HPGe spectrometer. The activity concentrations of Ra-226, Th-232 and K-40 in the measured
samples range from 18.03 to 398.66 Bqkg-1, 5.28 to 75.7 Bqkg-1 and 3237.88 to 583.12 Bqkg-1 respectively. In addition
to analyze heavy metal for two high reading samples (a1 and a10) which give concentrations of Cd and Zn elements (a1:
40 ppm and a10: 42 ppm) and (a1: 0.90 ppm and a10: 0.97 ppm) respectively that are in the range of phosphate fertilizer
products that very suggested as a dumped man-made waste in the site "A". All indicate that the measured values for
the soil samples in the two sites of three falls within the world ranges of soil in areas with normal levels of radioactivity,
while site "A" shows a potential radiological risk for human beings, and it is important to carry out a specifically detailed
monitoring program periodically.

Attia TE1,3*, Shendi EH2 and Shehata MA1
1Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Port Said University, Port Said, Egypt
2Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
3Earth Science Department, Faculty of Science, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya
Corresponding Author : Attia TE
Geology Department
Faculty of Science
Port Said University
Port Said, Egypt, Tel: +218918089140; E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 06, 2014; Accepted February 27, 2014, 2013; Published March 02, 2014
Citation: Attia TE, Shendi EH, Shehata MA (2014) Assessment of Natural and Artificial Radioactivity Levels and Radiation Hazards and their Relation to Heavy Metals in the Industrial Area of Port Said City, Egypt. J Earth Sci Clim Change 5:188. doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000188
Copyright: © 2014 Attia TE, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
Attia TE1,3*, Shendi EH2 and Shehata MA1
1Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Port Said University, Port Said, Egypt
2Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
3Earth Science Department, Faculty of Science, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya
Corresponding Author : Attia TE
Geology Department
Faculty of Science
Port Said University
Port Said, Egypt, Tel: +218918089140; E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 06, 2014; Accepted February 27, 2014, 2013; Published March 02, 2014
Citation: Attia TE, Shendi EH, Shehata MA (2014) Assessment of Natural and Artificial Radioactivity Levels and Radiation Hazards and their Relation to Heavy Metals in the Industrial Area of Port Said City, Egypt. J Earth Sci Clim Change 5:188. doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000188
Copyright: © 2014 Attia TE, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
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