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Clinical Observation on the Adverse Effect of <em>Panch Tikta Panch Prashritika Vasti</em>: A Case Report | OMICS International
ISSN: 2573-4555
Journal of Traditional Medicine & Clinical Naturopathy
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Clinical Observation on the Adverse Effect of Panch Tikta Panch Prashritika Vasti: A Case Report

Rajeev Kumar Pandey1*, SantoshKumar Bhatted2
1Department of Panchakarma, National Institute of Ayurveda, Rajasthan 302002, India
2Associate professor & H.O.D, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Rajasthan-302002, India
Corresponding Author : Rajeev Kumar Pandey
Department of Panchakarma
National Institute of Ayurveda
Jaipur, 302002 Rajasthan, India
Tel: 9887902143
E-mail: [email protected]
Received June 04, 2013; Accepted November 25, 2013; Published November 27, 2013
Citation: Pandey RK (2013) Clinical Observation on the Adverse Effect of Panch Tikta Panch Prashritika Vasti: A Case Report. J Homeop Ayurv Med 2:139. doi: 10.4172/2167-1206.1000139
Copyright: © 2013 Pandey RK. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus is metabolic disorder having bad impact on almost all the systems, organ and cells of human body, for the treatment of this disease one must plan the treatment which will correct the basic pathology, checks the complications and acts on various systems. Panchakarma therapy which is the most famous bio-purification process of Ayurveda includes Vasti treatment for the complete remedy of all the ailments. It is such a unique treatment which can correct the basic pathology. Panch tikta panch prashritika Vasti (PPP Vasti) is specifically indicated for Prameha (Diabetes). Hence this Vasti was planned in Kala Vasti schedule and dose was as per text, by this patient complained for burning micturition after analyzing ingredient of PPP Vasti, Sarshapa kalka which was used as Kalka dravya in the preparation of PPP Vasti thought to be a cause behind burning micturition. After reducing quantity of Sarshapa kalka from 40 g to 10 g burning micturition was relieved. So, the dose of sharshapa kalka is the main cause for the adverse effect of PPP Vasti.

Keywords
PPP vasti; Kala vasti schedule; Sarshapa kalka
Introduction
Diabetes mellitus is a syndrome with disturbed metabolism and hereditary immune mediated involvement. The changing life style, lack of exercise, fast foods and sedentary habits, stress and tension are major reasons for causing fresh disease and aggravating an existing condition. Diabetes becomes worse with evident of life threatening complications like Neuropathy, Nephropathy, Retinopathy along with pathological changes that involves small and large vessels leading to myocardial problems and cerebrovascular accidents.
Ayurveda emphasizes on the radical treatment by the use of Panchakarma therapies, which are primarily bio-cleansing in nature and corrects the basic pathological factors involved in the disease and regularize metabolism. PPP Vasti was planned for the treatment of Madhumeha (Diabetes) and during this therapy a severe adversities were observed.
Case Report
A female subject “X” aged 40 years old, house wife, admitted in IPD (registration no. 1316) in Panchakarma Department for the treatment of type II Diabetes (Sthula Prameha) in the month of June 2012.
She was obese and weighing 85 kg with BMI 37.78 kg/m2, having kapha-pitta Prakriti, Madhyam sara and samhanan. She was suffering from Diabetics since last one year and have associated complain of Vaginal itching, poly urea, polydipsia , heaviness of body, loss of appetite, pain in the joints, excessive perspiration, excessive sleep and lethargy. Detail of bio-chemical, haematological and urine investigations are as shown in (Tables 1 and 2) respectively.
Treatment
Panch tikta panch prashritika Vasti is specifically indicated for the treatment of Prameha [1]. Hence this Vasti was selected and planned in Kala Vasti schedule (which consist of total 16 Vasti out of which 6 Vasti are Niruha Vasti and 10 Vasti are Anuvasana Vasti) with Anuvasana Vasti by Triphala siddha tila taila after proper Sarvanga Abhyang and Mridu Svedana.
Raw material for Panch Prashritika Vasti
1. Patol patra (Trichosanthes dioica)
2. Nimba twak (Azadirachta indica )
3. Chirayta (Swertia chirata)
4. Rashna (Pluchea lanceolata)
5. Saptaparna (Alstonia scholaris)
6. Sarshapa (Brassica comprestris)
7. Go-ghrita (Cow ghee)
8. Madhu (Honey)
9. Saindhava (Rock salt)
Preparation of panchtikta panch prashritika vasti
Pancha tikta Pancha Prashritika Vasti contain following ingredients in different proportion according to the quotation given in charak samhita [1], as shown below:
Pancha tikta Pancha Prashritika Vasti is prepared by adding four Prashrit (4×80=320 ml) Decoction of Patol, Nimba, Bhunimba, Rashna, Saptaparna and one prashrit (80 ml) Go-ghrita with Sarshapa kalka (Paste of Brassica comprestris)
1. Kwath (Decoction of Patol, Nimba, Bhunimba, Rashna, Saptaparna) 320 ml
2. Kalka (Paste of Sarshapa) 40 g
3. Sneha (Go-ghrita) 80 ml
4. Madhu (Honey) 80 ml
5. Saindhava (Rock salt) 5 g
Quantity of sharshapa kalka was calculated according to the standard Quantity of different ingredient of dwadas prashritik Vasti [2] i.e., for dwadas (12) prashritik Vasti it is 100 g then for Panch (5) prashritik Vasti it should be 100×5/12~ 40 g.
Preparation of Vasti
Honey and rock salt were mixed together in the beginning followed by addition of warm ghee and thoroughly triturated. The finely wet grinded paste of Sarshapa was then added; lastly decoction was added to it. The mixture was then again triturated thoroughly. Mixture is then filtered through sieve. The filtrate so obtained was used as Vasti dravya.
Observation
For the treatment, PPP Vasti in Kala Vasti schedule was planned consisting of 16 number of Vasti in which first Vasti was Anuvasana Vasti (oil enema) followed by alternate administration of six Anuvasana and six Niruha Vasti (decoction enema) and lastly three Anuvasana Vasti were administered as shown in Table 3.
After 1st Niruha Vasti, patient was feeling better as heaviness of body and vaginal itching was reduced.
After 2nd Niruha Vasti, she complains for burning micturition which was further increased after 3rd Niruha Vasti.
After analyzing ingredient of PPP Vasti, Sarshapa kalka which was used as Kalka dravya in the preparation of PPP Vasti thought to be a cause behind burning micturition.
Hence, in 4th Niruha Vasti the dose of Sarshapa Kalka was reduced from 40 g to 10 g, on that day she got mild relief in burning micturition.
Hence, there after the same dose of Sarshapa Kalka was continued.
After 5th Niruha Vasti, she got complete relief in burning micturition.
On reducing Sarshapa kalka symptoms of burning micturition was reduced so we confirm that Sarshapa is the causative factor for the burning micturition.
Discussion
Diabetes Mellitus is metabolic disorder having bad impact on almost all the systems, organ and cells of human body, for the treatment of this disease one must plan the treatment which will correct the basic pathology, checks the complications and acts on various systems. Vasti is such a unique treatment which can correct the basic pathology at the level of Koshtha, Dosha, Dhatu, nourish the body from head to toe and acts on various systems [3]. Hence Vasti Chikitsa was planned for the treatment of Madhumeha, further to have specific effect on Madhumeha special Vasti described for Madhumeha under the name of Panch tikta Panch Prashritka Vasti was selected and administered in the schedule of Kala Vasti, in which Panch tikta Panch Prashritka Vasti was administered as Niruha Vasti and triphala siddha tila tail was used for Anuvashana Vasti, both Vasti are primarily indicated for treatment of Prameha (Madhumeha which is a type of Vataj Prameha).
After giving 2nd PPP Niruha Vasti, patient complained of burning micturition which was increased further after 3rd Niruha and relieved by reducing quantity of sarshapa kalka.
According to Acharya Bhavaprakasha, Sarshapa (Brassica comprestris) have Ushna, Tikshana Guna, Katu Rasa Katu Vipaka and Pitta Prakopaka, Rakta-pittakarak, Agnivardhaka Properties [4]. So in high dose, it may increase the Pitta Dosha in body resulting into burning micturition. Acharya charaka also advice to use sarshapa tail as pathya in Prameha [5].
New research shows that
Brassica compestris is having Allyl isothiocyanate (responsible for mustard flavor) is a strong irritant. May cause blister skin, red, burn like skin blotches, sometimes developing into ulcers. Large amounts or prolonged use of black mustard, internally or externally, can cause serious irritation and inflammation. Black Mustard must be used in small quantities and for short periods [6].
Anti diabetic property: In animals with experimentally induced diabetes, Brassica juncea powder significantly prevented the development of insulin resistance and improved serum glucose levels. Beneficial effects were also observed in rats taking an extract of Brassica juncea or Brassica nigra. Based on a review, Brassica juncea may possess hypoglycemic properties. In rats, Brassica juncea caused an increase in the concentration of hepatic glycogen and glycogenesis and a decrease in glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis [6].
Conclusion
So, on the basis of above discussion, Sarshapa have anti diabetic effect may be due to its Agnideepan and Vata-Kapha Shamak properties but if used in excesses quantity it may result into Pitta Prakopa in the body due to its Tikshana and Ushna properties and that may cause burning micturition etc. This is an important observation with a clear message that Ayurvedic therapies require a careful consideration both on conventional and contemporary grounds before they can really be administered. Merely following the classical text without seeing it into the light of contemporary relevance may lead to adversities as was observed in this case or even more severe adversities.
References

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Table 1 Table 2 Table 3
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