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Beijing Key Laboratory of Lignocellulosic Chemistry, College of Material Science and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Qinghua East Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, China
Received Date: August 09, 2013; Accepted Date: August 09, 2013; Published Date: August 10, 2013
Citation: Xiao LP (2013) Sustainable Production of Fuels and Chemicals from Lignocellulosic Biomass. J Powder Metall Min 2:e119. doi: 10.4172/2168-9806.1000e119
Copyright: © 2013 Xiao LP. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Lignocelluloses are abundant and nonfood-based materials that are considered as the most suitable feedstocks for chemicals, materials and energy production. High carbon storage and productivity make forest biomass the preferred chemical and energy carrier. Lignin is the most abundant biomass in plants apart from cellulose. Because lignin is a polyphenolic macromolecule, it can serve as a renewable source for value-added phenolic chemicals. An integrated biorefinery will rely on the various components of lignocellulosic biomass to produce fuels, chemicals, and products to be economically and sustainably viable. However, most of the current biore fining strategies involve the burning of lignin to recover heat or the production of lignin in a form suitable for burning for residential heating. Given the highly complex, aromatic nature of lignin, it is an extremely attractive candidate for converting into co-products with an inherent value that may help offset the overall production costs of biofuels. Consequently, our research group focuses on the fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass into its polymeric and non-polymeric constituents and developing new routes for their chemical and biochemical conversion into high-value added products. Moreover, we develop fundamental knowledge on catalytic conversion of biomass to fuels and bulk chemicals via hydrogenolysis and valorization of lignin and the conversion of C5- and C6-sugars.
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