Institute of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Bilkent University, Turkey
Received Date: July 24, 2013; Accepted Date: July 25, 2013; Published Date: July 26, 2013
Citation: Erdogan M (2013) Ultra short Pulses for Material Processing. J Powder Metall Min 2:e115. doi: 10.4172/2168-9806.1000e115
Copyright: © 2013 Erdogan M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Ultrafast lasers have intensely been used in biological applications for the past ten years. Besides their routine use in nonlinear microscopy [1,2] and tissue surgery , they opened up the way for subcellular structure ablation such as a single dendritic spine or a mitochondrion with nanometer-scale precision, a procedure named as nanosurgery [4,5]. Recently, this precise mechanism is also increasingly used for the modification of bioimplant surfaces [6,7].
Surface modification of metal implants using ultrashort laser pulseshas beenexploited to increase biomechanicalfeaturesof implants surfaces . It is well-known that surface chemistry and topography haveimportant functions in cell attachment on the surface, thus affecting the cell’s physiology  anddirectly related to theefficiency of bioimplants to form a stable mechanic integration of tissue and implant . Common methodsfor creating surface modifications are mechanical or chemical techniques, but insufficient for controllable texturing and targeted topography generation. Hence, ultrafast laser based surface modification offers an exceptional precision and allows generation of any desired surface texture and topography [11-13]. As researchers further realize this methodology in future, and as this technique is widely employed, it is indubitable that more efficient and long-lasting bioimplants will be developed.
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