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United Kingdom is a judicial entity state in Europe which lies in the North West coast of Europe which was surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean with North Sea to the east. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, it includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK that shares a land border with another state - the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-southwest. The UK is the 80th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe. It is also the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated 64.5 million inhabitants.
Geography The total area of the United Kingdom is approximately 243,610 square kilometres (94,060 sq mi). It lies between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea with the south-east coast coming within 22 miles (35 km) of the coast of northern France, from which it is separated by the English Channel. The United Kingdom lies between latitudes 49° to 61° N, and longitudes 9° W to 2° E. Northern Ireland shares a 224-mile (360 km) land boundary with the Republic of Ireland. The coastline of Great Britain is 11,073 miles (17,820 km) long. It is connected to continental Europe by the Channel Tunnel, which at 31 miles (50 km) (24 miles (38 km) underwater) is the longest underwater tunnel in the world.
Economy United Kingdom is considered as the fifth largest national economy in the world and second in Europe and was considered as fastest growing economy. United Kingdom is pioneer and leading manufacturer and exporter in aquaculture, agricultural products, pharmaceutical preparations, etc. There are many lists of pathology journals which emphasize in the field of aquaculture and United Kingdom is one of the countries which maintain pathology journals in regular frequency. United Kingdom has established a good platform for aquaculture research especially in terms of fish production which is growing rapidly in the recent years.
The invention of the microscope opened the door to the invisible world of disease. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. 'The Father of Microbiology', used hand crafted microscopes to observe and report on what he described as animalcules. Robert Hooke (1636-1703) later used the microscope to document the existence of 'little boxes' or cells. Thomas Willis (1621-1675) pioneered the best qualitative analysis of urine at this time. He was the first to notice the characteristic sweet taste of diabetic urine. Moving on to the nineteenth century, many scientists were making great strides in bacteriology, microbiology and histology. Improvements in the microscope allowed further exploration of the cellular and microbial worlds John Snow studied the great London cholera outbreak in 1854, tracing it to the Broad Street Pump. Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) and Robert Koch (1843-1910) provided breakthroughs in bacteriology which gave successful applications of laboratory methods to public hygiene. The University of Nottingham Breast Pathology Group's research is focused towards use of histological and molecular methods in diagnosis and clinical and basic research and specifically to improve the existing classification systems for breast disease