A Population Study of Parenting and Biological Risk Factors for Childrens Developmental Coordination DisorderHua Jin1,2, Guxiong Gu1,3*, Zhiqiang Qin3, Dandan Bai3 and Yujie Ma3
- *Corresponding Author:
- Guxiong Gu
Pediatrics Research Institute, Soochow University Affiliated Children’s Hospital
P.O. 303 Jinde Road, 215003 Suzhou, China
Tel: +86 512 67786526
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E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 25, 2014 Accepted Date: November 27, 2015 Published Date: November 30, 2015
Citation: Jin H, Guxiong Gu, Qin Z, Bai D, Yujie Ma (2015) A Population Study of Parenting and Biological Risk Factors for Children’s Developmental Coordination Disorder. J Child Adolesc Behav 3:260. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000260
Copyright: © 2015 Jin H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: This paper was aimed to examine the prevalence of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) in preschool children aged 3 to 6 years old in Jiangsu province, China, and to find out the parenting and biological risk factors of DCD. Method: 5691 children were randomly selected from the 25 kindergartens distributed throughout Jiangsu Province. A social-demographic questionnaire was asked to fill out by their parents, and the motor coordination of children was assessed with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2nd edition (MABC-2). According to the assessment, the 5th percentile was used to define DCD, and the 15th percentile to suspicious DCD. Children with any known neurological conditions or an IQ<70 were excluded. Result: 5601 children were available with complete data. 336 children met the criteria for DCD, resulting in a prevalence of 6.0%, with a mean age of (4.94 ± 0.80) years. There were 231 boys and 105 girls with a gender ratio of 2.2 to 1. Additionally, 540 children were considered as suspicious DCD, resulting in a total suspicious prevalence of 15.6%. When classified into different age groups, there are more DCD children in the younger group (3-5 y) than the older group (5-7 y). The children with a birth weight<2500 g, with a history of jaundice or those born before 37 weeks’ gestation, are more likely to suffer from DCD. Different care givers, low social-economic status, and low education of parents, are the parenting risk factors of DCD. Conclusion: Prevalence of DCD in preschool children of Jiangsu in China, is reported in this study, the result indicates that DCD is an important cause of disability in early childhood, especially in children with the risk factors. Besides the biological risk factors, DCD is also related to the parenting factors, which we can give our effort to do some help.