A Review on Enzymatic Treatment of Phenols in Wastewater | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2155-952X

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials
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  • Review Article   
  • J Biotechnol Biomater 2016, Vol 6(4): 249
  • DOI: 10.4172/2155-952X.1000249

A Review on Enzymatic Treatment of Phenols in Wastewater

Prashant Agarwal1*, Ritika Gupta2 and Neeraj Agarwal2
1Panacea Biotec Limited, Ambala-Chandigarh Highway, , Punjab, India
2Department of Biotechnology, Meerut Institute of Engineering and Technology (MIET), , Meerut, India
*Corresponding Author : Prashant Agarwal, Panacea Biotec Limited, Ambala- Chandigarh Highway, Lalru - 140501, Punjab, India, Tel: 9760776126, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Sep 24, 2016 / Accepted Date: Oct 20, 2016 / Published Date: Oct 27, 2016


Tyrosinase is a natural enzyme and mainly catalyses the o-hydroxylation of monophenols into their corresponding o-diphenols. The synthesis of o-diphenols is a potentially valuable catalytic ability and thus tyrosinase has attracted a lot of attention with respect to industrial applications. In environmental technology, it is used for the detoxification of phenol-containing wastewaters and contaminated soils and also used in cosmetic and food industries as important catalytic enzyme. Phenols are present in effluents of a number of industries such as coal conversion, resins, plastic, petroleum refining, textiles, dyes and organic chemicals. Conventional processes for removal of phenols have drawbacks of incomplete removal of phenols. Hence, an alternative based on enzymes has been investigated. This review summarizes the current research based on removal of phenol from waste streams by enzyme polyphenoloxidase (tyrosinase).

Keywords: Wastewaters; Phenols; Tyrosinase; Polyphenoloxidase

Citation: Agarwal P, Gupta R, Agarwal N (2016) A Review on Enzymatic Treatment of Phenols in Wastewater. J Biotechnol Biomater 6:249. Doi: 10.4172/2155-952X.1000249

Copyright: © 2016 Agarwal P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

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