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A Staining Artefact Presumed to be Pathology in a Patient Investigated for Megaloblastic Anaemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome: A Case Study at Groote Schuur Hospital | Abstract
ISSN: 2476-2024

Diagnostic Pathology: Open Access
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A Staining Artefact Presumed to be Pathology in a Patient Investigated for Megaloblastic Anaemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome: A Case Study at Groote Schuur Hospital

Monalisa Ntobongwana*
Department of Haematology and Pathology, National Health Laboratory Services, Groote Schuur Hospital and University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
*Corresponding Author: Monalisa Ntobongwana, Department of Haematology and Pathology, National Health Laboratory Services, Groote Schuur Hospital and University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Tel: (+27) 785594277, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Nov 02, 2019 / Accepted Date: Nov 13, 2019 / Published Date: Nov 25, 2019

Citation: Ntobongwana M (2019) A Staining Artefact Presumed to be Pathology in a Patient Investigated for Megaloblastic Anaemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome: A Case Study at Groote Schuur Hospital. Diagn Pathol Open 4: 156.

Copyright: © 2019 Ntobongwana M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 
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Abstract

Artefacts are structures that are not normally present in well prepared smears. Well stained smears are the cornerstone of diagnostic haematology and this requires properly stained smears achieved by adherence to standard operating procedures (SOPs) to ensure reliability of results. Artefacts on smears may baffle the examiner and may in fact be assessed as real pathology by an inexperienced examiner or conceal real pathology. This case report describes a patient who was referred to the haematology department for work-up of a macrocytic anaemia to exclude megaloblastic anaemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. The initial blood smear processed consisted of numerous basophilic stippling-like inclusions which was perplexing as the degree of BS has never been encountered before. This prompted a repeat of the blood smear which showed resolution of the artefact. Basophillic stippling can be seen in megaloblastic anaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes.

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