A Study of School Bag Weight and Back Pain among Primary School Children in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
Saleem Ali Al-Saleem, Ayub Ali, Sayed Ibrahim Ali, Abdulaziz Anazi Alshamrani*, Ammar Mohammed Almulhem and Mutaz Hasan Alhashem
Department of Family and Community Medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
- Corresponding Author:
- Abdulaziz Anazi Alshamrani
College of Medicine in Al-Ahsa, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: January 12, 2016; Accepted Date: January 24, 2016; Published Date: January 30, 2016
Citation: Al-Saleem SA, Ali A, Ali SI, Alshamrani AA, Almulhem AM, et al. (2016) A Study of School Bag Weight and Back Pain among Primary School Children in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Epidemiology (sunnyvale) 6:222. doi:10.4172/2161-1165.1000222
Copyright: © 2016 Al-Saleem SA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: The recommended weight of schoolbags is less than 10-15% of the body weight. Heavy schoolbags may result in musculoskeletal and psychological problems among primary school children. This study was conducted to assess the weight of school bags in relation to primary school children weight, and to look for the prevalence of back pain among them in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.
Methods: A total of 2567 school children were included in this study both from rural and urban areas of Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. A cross sectional survey was conducted in which a pre-tested questionnaire was used to ask about demographic profile, and symptoms of back pain. The weight of the school bags and the school children was measured.
Results: 1860 school children (72.46%) out of 2567 were carrying bags of weight more than 15% of their body weight. The prevalence of heavy school bags was higher among the female children as compared with the male children. Back pain was reported by 42% of the school children.
Conclusions: The weight of schoolbags of Al-Ahsa primary school children were higher than the internationally acceptable standards and as a result back pain was reported by 42% of school children. The school authorities and ministry of health should further evaluate and take the necessary steps to rectify the situation.