Acute Superior Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis in a Patient with Primary Antiphospholipid Syndrome: A Case Report and Brief Review of the Literature
Department of Internal Medicine, Southwestern Medical Center, 5604 SW Lee Blvd, Suite 245, Lawton, Oklahoma, 73505, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Steve Egwuonwu
Department of Internal Medicine
Southwestern Medical Center
5604 SW Lee Blvd, Suite 245
Lawton, Oklahoma, 73505, USA
Tel: 580 531 4845
Fax: 580 531 6468
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 13, 2015, Accepted date: December 7, 2015, Published date: December 15, 2015
Citation: Egwuonwu S (2015) Acute Superior Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis in a Patient with Primary Antiphospholipid Syndrome: A Case Report and Brief Review of the Literature. J Gastrointest Dig Syst 5:360. doi:10.4172/2161-069X.1000360
Copyright:© 2015 Egwuonwu S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Acute superior mesenteric vein thrombosis is an uncommon but life threatening disease condition. In the setting of antiphospholipid syndrome, it is rare. This is a case of a 49 year old male who presented with a 2 day history of nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. He had a previous history of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism about a year ago. Triple phase computed tomography confirmed superior mesenteric vein thrombosis. Lupus anticoagulant antibody was positive. He was initiated on heparin and then transitioned to warfarin. Given the finding of primary antiphospholipid syndrome, he is currently on lifelong anticoagulant therapy. Surgical resection, site directed thrombolysis and thrombectomy are other options of treatment for acute superior mesenteric vein thrombosis. With the diagnosis of acute superior mesenteric venous thrombosis, with or without any identifiable triggering factor, a search for hypercoagulable state is indicated. This will help determine the duration of anticoagulation therapy and prevent recurrent thrombosis. Acute Superior Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis in a Patient with Primary Antiphospholipid Syndrome: A Case Report and Brief Review of the Literature.