Aerobic Treatment of Handmade Paper Industrial Effluents by White Rot Fungi | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6199

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
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Research Article

Aerobic Treatment of Handmade Paper Industrial Effluents by White Rot Fungi

Shweta Kulshreshtha1*, Nupur Mathur2 and Pradeep Bhatnagar3
1Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India
2Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India
3International College for Girls, Mansarovar, Jaipur, India
Corresponding Author : Shweta Kulshreshtha
Amity Institute of Biotechnology
Amity University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, A-200
Vaishali Nagar, Jaipur-302021, India
Tel: +91-9460553136
Email: [email protected]
Received April 05, 2012; Accepted May 07, 2012; Published May 09, 2012
Citation: Kulshreshtha S, Mathur N, Bhatnagar P (2012) Aerobic Treatment of Handmade Paper Industrial Effluents by White Rot Fungi. J Bioremed Biodeg 3:151. doi: 10.4172/2155-6199.1000151
Copyright: © 2012 Kulshreshtha S, et al. This is an open-a ccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Modernization of handmade paper industries has led to increase in production capacity for fulfilling demand. This also leads to the use of chemicals and dyes to make attractive and colourful papers. These industries recycle white and coloured cotton rags procured from textile industries. After processing and making paper, these industries discharge large amount of effluent in nearby water sources and deteriorate quality of water. Therefore, it is an urgent need to treat waste water in order to reduce the effect on the human beings as well as on the environment. The present study deals with physicochemical and genotoxicological analysis of Large Scale Handmade Paper industrial (LS-HMP) and Small Scale Handmade Paper industrial (SS-HMP) effluents before and after treating them with White Rot Fungi (WRF) in nutrient amended and non-amended condition. SS-HMP and LS-HMP were found to possess basic pH i.e. 7.54 and 8 respectively. These industrial effluents were found to possess colour revealed by 11293.3 (SS-HMP) and 11880 (LS-HMP) colour units and high COD revealed by 1132.6mg/l (SS-HMP) and 12371.7mg/l (LS-HMP), on initial day which reduced significantly to the safe discharge limits by white rot fungi. Similarly, basepair and frameshift mutagenicity were reduced significantly on treatment. Among all WRF, P. chrysosporium was found to be equally effective in both nutrient amended and non-amended condition in reducing all parameters of SS-HMP and LS-HMP effluent. Thus, P. chrysosporium can be used for the treatment of handmade paper industrial effluent without nutrient supplementation