Allergy to Propolis in Beekeepers-A Literature ReviewKatarzyna Basista-Sołtys*
Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacodynamics, Jagiellonian University, Poland
- *Corresponding Author:
- Katarzyna Basista-Sołty
PhD student, Faculty of Pharmacy
Department of Pharmacodynamics, Jagiellonian University
9 Medyczna Street, 30-688 Krakow, Poland
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 26, 2013; Accepted date: February 28, 2013; Published date: March 03, 2013
Citation: Basista-Soltys K (2013) Allergy to Propolis in Beekeepers-A Literature Review. Occup Med Health Aff 1:105. doi: 10.4172/2329-6879.1000105
Copyright: © 2013 Basista-Soltys K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Propolis is a bee product which has shown antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activity. It also stimulates wound-healing. Propolis has a lot of components, but also some allergens were identified. Propolis may induce allergy, mainly allergic contact dermatitis after topical application. It has been recognized as an occupational contact allergen, mainly in beekeepers but also in musicians and people who make stringed musical instruments. Beekeepers are exposed to allergens from propolis more often than general population. Propolis allergy in beekeepers occur 0.76%-4.04%. There are some factors which may influence on the occurrence of propolis allergy in beekeepers, which were presented in this review.