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Antidiabetic Effects of Essential Oils of some Selected Medicinal Lamiaceae Plants from Yemen against and#945;-Glucosidase Enzyme | OMICS International| Abstract

Journal of Phytochemistry & Biochemistry
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  • Research Article   
  • J Phytochemistry Biochem,

Antidiabetic Effects of Essential Oils of some Selected Medicinal Lamiaceae Plants from Yemen against α-Glucosidase Enzyme

Ya’ni AA1, Eldahshan OA2*, Hassan SA1, Elwan ZA1 and Ibrahim HM3
1Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
2Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
3Department of Biology, Botany Section, Faculty of Science, Sana'a University, Sana’a, Yemen
*Corresponding Author : Eldahshan OA, Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt, Tel: + 2 01011841951, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jan 29, 2018 / Accepted Date: Feb 06, 2018 / Published Date: Feb 12, 2018

Abstract

Essential oils of four species used in traditional medicine in Bani Matar District in Yemen, family Lamiaceae were assessed chemically and biologically for their antidiabetic activity; Leucas inflata, Marrubium vulgare, Salvia schimper and Origanum majorana. The results indicated that Salvia schimperi essential oil exhibited the most dosedependent inhibitory activity against α-gucosidase enzyme with IC50 of 14.26 μL (nearly similar to acarbose of IC50 12.87 μL) followed by Marrubium vulgare oil with IC50 value at 35.47 μL. Leucas inflata essential oil exhibited weak dose-dependent inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase enzyme with IC50 of 159.66 μL and no effect was observed with Origanum majorana. The antidiabetic activities observed was due to the presence of compounds such as caryophyllene, bisabolol and farnesene. Our results obviously cleared that essential oils of Salvia schimperi and Marrubium vulgare exerted promising antidiabetic effects so; we recommended using such as oils as futural natural antidiabetic.

Keywords: Lamiaceae; GC/MS; α-Glucosidase; Antidiabetic effects

Citation: Ya’ni AA, Eldahshan OA, Hassan SA, Elwan ZA, Ibrahim HM (2018) Antidiabetic Effects of Essential Oils of some Selected Medicinal Lamiaceae Plants from Yemen against α-Glucosidase Enzyme. J Phytochemistry Biochem 2: 106.

Copyright: © 2018 Ya’ni AA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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