alexa Biodegradation of Coal Minerals by Gluconic Acid and it
ISSN: 2155-6199

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
Open Access

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Research Article

Biodegradation of Coal Minerals by Gluconic Acid and its Effect on the Stacking Structure of Carbon: An Investigation

Manoj B*
Department of Physics, Christ University, Hosur Road, Bangalore-29 Karnataka, India
Corresponding Author : Manoj B
Department of Physics Christ University
Hosur Road Bangalore-29
Karnataka, India
Tel:
+91 80 4012 9340
E-mail:
manoj.b@ christuniversity.in
Received: June 26, 2015 Accepted:July 15, 2015 Published:July 16, 2015
Citation:Manoj B (2015) Biodegradation of Coal Minerals by Gluconic Acid and its Effect on the Stacking Structure of Carbon: An Investigation. J Bioremed Biodeg 6:306. doi:10.4172/2155-6199.1000306
Copyright: ©2015 Manoj B. This is an open-a ccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Leaching of minerals (Silicates, Calcium, Aluminum) from bituminous coal by gluconic acid of varying concentration was carried out and the chemical mechanism was studied. Stacking structural parameters of the coal like aromaticity, rank, number of aromatic layers, carbon atoms per aromatic lamellae, stacking height and lattice spacing were determined using X-ray analysis. An ordering of lattice was noticed with gluconic acid leaching and is maximum for 20% and 40% concentration. The number of lyers and average number of carbon atoms per lamellae are found to be varying from 6-7 and 11-17 respectively. The mineral content (Al and Si) shows systematic decrease with increase in concentration of leachant. The optimum demineralization is noticed for the successively leached coal sample with glucoinc acid and mild Hydrofluoric acid.

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