alexa Biodegradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in A
ISSN: 2155-6199

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
Open Access

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Research Article

Biodegradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Agricultural Soil Contaminated with Crude Oil from Nigeria Refinery using leurotus sajor-caju

Ayodele Rotimi Ipeaiyeda1,*, Gloria Onyiinyechi Nwauzor1 and Samuel Omorovie Akporido2
1Department of Chemistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
2Department of Chemistry, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria
Corresponding Author : Ayodele Rotimi Ipeaiyeda
Department of Chemistry
University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Tel: +2348033948469
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: May 16, 2015 Accepted: June 29, 2015 Published: June 30, 2015
Citation:Ipeaiyeda AR, Nwauzor GO, Akporido SO (2015) Biodegradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Agricultural Soil Contaminated with Crude Oil from Nigeria Refinery using Pleurotus sajor-caju. J Bioremed Biodeg 6: 301. doi:10.4172/2155-6199.1000301
Copyright: ©2015Ayodele RI, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Contamination by petroleum hydrocarbons has rendered soil from oil exploring areas in Nigeria unwholesome for agricultural practices. Because of the carcinogenic properties of the contaminant, its removal from soil is therefore an absolute necessity to promote a sustainable development for society and sound human health. Thus, a rapid cost effective method of biodegradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) using Pleurotus sajor-caju was employed. Soil samples were collected from agricultural sites in Akpan town near Nigerian refineries and were analysed for sixteen PAHs by Gas Chromatography (GC). The total PAHs concentrations ranged from 56.8 to 112 mg kg-1. Using the ratios of phenanthrene to anthracene (Phe/Ant) and fluoranthene to pyrene (Flu/Pyr) to identify sources of contamination, PAHs concentrations in Akpan soils possibly had pyrogenic and petrogenic sources. These sources included crude oil petroleum combustion and spills. Pleurotus Sajor-Cajor offered significant reduction in PAHs concentrations after 6 weeks of incubation.

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