Special Issue Article
Bioremediation Potential of Mixed White Rot Culture of Pleurotus Ostreatus IBL-02 and Coriolus Versicolor IBL-04 for Textile Industry WastewaterMuhammad Asgher*, Farina Jamil and Hafiz Muhammad Nasir Iqbal
Industrial Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Muhammad Asgher
Industrial Biotechnology Laboratory
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received November 28, 2011; Accepted January 20, 2012; Published January 22, 2012
Citation: Asgher M, Jamil F, IqbalT HMN (2012) Bioremediation Potential of Mixed White Rot Culture of Pleurotus Ostreatus IBL-02 and Coriolus Versicolor IBL-04 for Textile Industry Wastewater. J Bioremed Biodegrad S1:007 doi: 10.4172/2155-6199.S1-007
Copyright: © 2012 Asgher M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In continuation of our studies on single fungal cultures, this study was aimed to investigate the potential of mixed culture of two indigenous white rot fungi Pleurotus ostreatus IBL-02 and Coriolus versicolor IBL-04 to decolorize and detoxify the dye based textile effluent collected from Sitara Textile Industry (SIT), Faisalabad, Pakistan. Different pHysical and nutritional factors were optimized to enhance the efficiency of mixed culture for SIT effluent color removal. Under optimum conditions, the mixed culture completely decolorized (100%) the effluent in 2 days using glucose and urea as carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively in 30:1 ratio. The mixed culture produced all the three major liginolytic enzymes like lignin peroxidase (LiP), manganase peroxidase (MnP) and lacaase. Mediators of ligninolytic enzymes including varatryl alcohol, ABTS and MnSO4 enhanced effluent decolorization showing variable effects on LiP, MnP and laccase activities. Analysis of the treated and untreated SIT effluent showed that fungal treatment significantly reduced the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) of the effluent.