alexa Breeding of the Land Crab Cardiosoma armatum (Herklots
ISSN: 2332-2608

Journal of Fisheries & Livestock Production
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Research Article

Breeding of the Land Crab Cardiosoma armatum (Herklots 1851) in Captivity in Benin

Edéa OG1,3, Gbangboché AB1,3*, Hinvi LC2 and Azando EV1,4

1Laboratory of Animal Improvement and Biotechnology, Institute of Applied Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin

2Laboratory of Hydrobiology and Aquaculture, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin

3University of Agriculture of Ketou, Po Box 43 Ketou, Benin

4University of Parakou, University Centre of Djougou, National High School of Agricultural Sciences and Technics, Republic of Benin

*Corresponding Author:
Gbangboché AB
Laboratory of Animal Improvement and Biotechnology
Institute of Applied Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Tel: (00229) 96 11 47 27
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: August 01, 2015; Accepted November 16, 2015; Published Date: November 25, 2015

Citation: Edéa OG, Gbangboché AB, Hinvi LC, Azando EV (2015) Breeding of the Land Crab Cardiosoma armatum (Herklots 1851) in Captivity in Benin. J Fisheries Livest Prod 3:155. doi:10.4172/2332-2608.1000155

Copyright: © 2015 Edéa OG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Tests of breeding of 70 juveniles (35♂ and 35♀) and 5 berried females of Cardiosoma armatum were carried out in captivity for 42 days. The crabs were fed on palm nuts (Elaeis guineensis), banana leaves (Musa sp.), (Paspalum vaginatum) and a granulated supplement. The results show a non-significant difference between enclosure for temperature, pH of the soil and water, favoring a survival rate of 94.28%. In monosex rearing, the lot of males presented an average daily gain (ADG) higher than that of females: 0.13 ± 0.08 g vs. 0.09 ± 0.04 g (p<0.05). In mixed farming, average daily gain (ADG) of males is significantly lower than that of females: 0.10 ± 0.05 g vs. 0.12 ± 0.08 g (p<0.05). Furthermore, the males in monosex farming presented an average daily gain above (p<0.05) that of males in mixed farming. There is no significant difference between males in mixed farming and females in monosex culture (p<0.05). The carapace of males is wider than that of females: 5.2 ± 0.39 cm vs. 5.1 ± 0.34 cm during the test (p<0.05). This species has good growth performance and can be recommended for the Benin aquaculture.

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