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Cigarette Smoking among Taiwanese Adults | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2161-1165

Epidemiology: Open Access
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  • Research Article   
  • Epidemiol 2011, Vol 1(3): 107
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000107

Cigarette Smoking among Taiwanese Adults

I-Hsuan Wu1, Ekere James Essien1,2, Sujit S. Sansgiry1, Ronald J Peters2, Mo Yang1 and Susan Abughosh1*
1Department of Clinical Sciences and Administration, College of Pharmacy, University of Houston, 1441 Moursund Street, Texas Medical Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
2School of Public Health 7000 Fannin, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Suite UCT 2618, Houston, TX 77030, USA
*Corresponding Author : Susan Abughosh, Department of Clinical Sciences and Administration, College of Pharmacy, Institute of Community Health, University of Houston, 1441 Moursund Street, Houston, TX, 77030, USA, Tel: 713-795- 8395, Fax: 713-795-8383, Email:

Received Date: Sep 13, 2011 / Accepted Date: Nov 01, 2011 / Published Date: Nov 16, 2011


Introduction: On January 11, 2009, Taiwan initiated a new anti-smoking law - smoking is not permitted at any public place with more than three people. No studies regarding cigarette smoking have been conducted after the implementation of the new policy. The objective of the study was to examine cigarette smoking among a sample of Taiwanese adults and correlates of its use.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a convenient sample of willing adults 18 years or older in Taipei, Taiwan, from January 2011 to May 2011. Survey questions included: socio-demographic characteristics, health status and mental health, tobacco use history, attitudes and intentions of tobacco use, and factors associated with tobacco use. Logistic regression models were constructed to determine predictors of ever-use (model 1) and past 30- day use (model 2) of cigarette.

Results: A total of 926 participants completed the survey. More than half of the study sample had previously smoked a cigarette (54.4%), and approximately 42% in the past 30 days. Male gender (OR=2.02 in model 1), having lower grades (OR=4.11 in model 1, OR=4.19 in model 2), having seen an anti-smoking advertisement on TV (OR=1.96 in model 2), used betel nuts before (OR=11.27 in model 1, OR=3.78 in model 2), drank alcohol in the last 30 days (OR=1.86 in model 1, OR=3.10 in model 2), having a brother or sister who smokes cigarettes (OR=1.97 in model 1), having more than half of friends who smoke (OR=2.24 in model 2), and having more than one close friend who smokes (OR=4.70 in model 1, OR=5.92 in model 2) were significant predictors of cigarette smoking. Participants older than 25 years (OR=0.61 in model 2) and those who previously heard an anti-smoking message from their teacher (OR=0.54 in model 1, OR=0.44 in model 2) were less likely to smoke.

Conclusion: The study demonstrated high rates of cigarette smoking in Taiwan. These findings underscore the magnitude of the smoking problem in the Taiwanese population and the urgent need for effective interventions. Future research should focus on developing interventions that incorporate the predictors identified.

Citation: Wu IH, Essien EJ, Sansgiry SS, Peters RJ, Yang M, et al. (2011) Cigarette Smoking among Taiwanese Adults. Epidemiol 1:107. Doi: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000107

Copyright: © 2011 Wu IH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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