Comparative Efficacy of Open-chain and Close-chain Kinematics on Proprioception, Muscles Strength and Functional Performances in Individual with Knee OsteoarthritisCaleb Ademola Gbiri*, Udoka A Chris Okafor and Micheal Taiwo Alade
Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
- *Corresponding Author:
- Caleb Ademola Gbiri
Department of Physiotherapy
College of Medicine, University of Lagos
Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
Tel: +2348185434054, +2348033598072
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Received date: January 27, 2013; Accepted date: February 23, 2013; Published date: February 25, 2013
Citation: Gbiri CA, Okafor UAC, Alade MT (2013) Comparative Efficacy of Openchain and Close-chain Kinematics on Proprioception, Muscles’ Strength and Functional Performances in Individual with Knee Osteoarthritis. Occup Med Health Aff 1:104. doi: 10.4172/2329-6879.1000104
Copyright: © 2013 Gbiri CA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This study was designed to compare effects of open-chain and close-chain kinetics on proprioception, muscles’ strength and functionality on individual with knee osteoarthritis. Eight-week experimental study was conducted on twenty-five participants. Participants were randomized into two groups. The first group was involved in close-chain exercises (kinesthesia and balance exercises). The second group was involved in open-chain exercises in form strengthening exercises. Their knee proprioception, functional performances, severity of osteoarthritis, muscles’ strength and pain were assessed pre-exercise and post-exercise intervention. Twenty-five participants completed this study giving 16.67% attrition rate. Their mean age was 62.7 ± 8.5 years. The close-chain group showed significantly better improvement than the open-chain group in physical function, energy, role limitation, pain and severity of osteoarthritis. The close-chain group performed significantly better in all performances and proprioception after interventions. It was concluded that close-chain kinematics is more effective in improving proprioception functional performances in individuals with knee osteoarthritis.