Comparative Study on Architectural Contemporary Schools Based on Interaction of Form, Function and StructureMohammadreza Ranjazmayazary*, Akbar Abdollahzadeh Taraf and Mohammadjavad Mahdavinejad
Tarbiat Modares University Faculty of Art and Architecture, Azarbayjane Sharghi IRAN, Islamic Republic
- *Corresponding Author:
- Mohammadreza Ranjazmayazary
Tarbiat Modares University Faculty of Art and Architecture
Azarbayjane Sharghi IRAN, Islamic Republic
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: August 19, 2016; Accepted date: November 06, 2016; Published date: November 13, 2016
Citation: Ranjazmayazary M, Taraf AA, Mahdavinejad M (2016) Comparative Study on Architectural Contemporary Schools Based on Interaction of Form, Function and Structure. J Archit Eng Tech 5:174. doi: 10.4172/2168-9717.1000174
Copyright: © 2016 Ranjazmayazary M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The aim of current paper was to study the role of structure and structural thinking in the architectural design process in the three contemporary architectural schools. Paying attention to the structure along with other components of architecture (i.e. form and function) is of great importance in the architectural design process. Such attention in the past by the architects caused unity of the structure with other components. In the current era, development of the sciences and technology in different fields such as architecture and complexity in design and architecture has caused professionalization of different stages of design process. Hence, the professions such as structure engineering and architectural engineering have required static thinking and establishment of the structure, to loose structure unity with other architectural components, at some cases. In this paper, since structure influences and is influenced by the tow components of form and function it was tried to study their triple relationship in the form of three contemporary architectural schools (i.e. modern architecture, High-tech architecture and deconstruction architecture). To do so, a triple theoretical model was developed in order to explain the relationship among three components of structure, form and function. The research method of the study was descriptive-analytical. Hence, first the relationship among these components was described in each school with focus on the issue of structure. Then relying on the content analysis method and referring to written and visual resources of architectural example of each school, it can be concluded that modern architecture focuses on separation of form and function from structure, deconstruction architecture emphasizes on the issue of “ structure follows form” and in the high-tech architecture structure is a determining factor in formation and construction.