alexa Cyberbullying among Adolescents: A Comparison between I
ISSN: 2375-4494

Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior
Open Access

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Research Article

Cyberbullying among Adolescents: A Comparison between Iran and Finland

Kaj Björkqvist*, Hassan Jaghoory MSS and Karin Österman

Developmental Psychology, Åbo akademi University, Vasa, Finland

*Corresponding Author:
Björkqvist K
Developmental Psychology
Åbo akademi University
Vasa, Finland
Tel: 358-45-8460100
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: June 08, 2015; Accepted Date: December 26, 2015; Published Date: December 29, 2015

Citation: Björkqvist K, Hassan Jaghoory MSS, Österman K (2015) Cyberbullying among Adolescents: A Comparison between Iran and Finland. J Child Adolesc Behav 3:265. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000265

Copyright: © 2015 Björkqvist K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Objective: The study aimed at investigating differences in frequencies of both victimization and perpetration of cyberbullying among adolescents from Iran and Finland. Method: Data from a total of 1250 adolescents (615 boys, 635 girls) of three age groups (10, 13, and 15 years of age) were collected in Mashhad, Iran (n = 630) and Ostrobothnia, Finland (n = 620). The questionnaire consisted of variables measuring various types of cyberbullying, such as sending nasty text messages, nasty e-mails, and putting up nasty pictures and films on internet. Results: Both victimization and perpetration of cyberbullying of all kinds were clearly more frequent in Iran. Both sex and age differences occurred, but these showed different patterns in Iran and Finland. Conclusion: The overall higher levels of cyberbullying in Iran suggest that there are considerable cultural differences in the regulation of aggressive outlets among adolescents of the two countries studied. The variation in cyberbullying patterns due to sex and age in Iran and Finland points in the same direction.


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