Dementia in a Senegalese Elderly Population of Patients 65 Years and Over: Prevalence and Risk Factors
Touré Kamadore1,2, Coume Mamadou3, Thiam Mamadou Habib4, Basse Anna2, Sow Adjaratou2, Seck Lala Bouna2, Diene Sarr Fatoumata5, Faye Joseph5, Badiane Abdoulaye5, Ndiaye Moustapha2, Diop Amadou Gallo2, Ndiaye Mouhamadou Mansour2, Tall Adama5*
- Corresponding Author:
- Tall Adama
Institut Pasteur de Dakar
BP 220 Dakar Senegal
Tel: + 221 77 520 44 96
Fax: +221 33 939 92 10
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: February 10, 2012; Accepted Date: February 25, 2012; Published Date: February 29, 2012
Citation: Touré K, Coumé M, Thiam MH, Basse A, Sow A, et al. (2012) Dementia in a Senegalese Elderly Population of Patients 65 Years and Over: Prevalence and Risk Factors. Epidemiol 2:114. doi: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000114
Copyright: © 2012 Touré K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: With the aging of the population, dementia is increasing worldwide. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of dementia in an elderly population utilizing a primary health care service in Dakar, Senegal and to identify the risk factors.
Methods: Through a cross-sectional conducted from March 2004 to 31 December 2005, 507 elderly patients aged 65 years and over received at the Social and Medical Center of IPRES, Dakar-Senegal were first screened with a screening interview questionnaire ‘Aging in Senegal’. Those who were cognitively impaired underwent a clinical exam to detect dementia. Uni, bi and multivariate logistic regression analysis were done.
Results: The population of study has a mean age of 72.4 years (±5.2), mostly male, married, and non-educated. Hypertension, arthritis, gastro-intestinal diseases and were the main health conditions reported in the past medical history. Smoking was important while alcohol consumption was rare. Social network was high. Forty five patients (8.87%) had dementia. In the multivariate model, only advanced age, education, epilepsy and family history of dementia were independently associated with dementia.
Conclusion: Prevalence of dementia is high in the elderly primary care patients with risk factors identical to the ones found in developed countries. It is important to take into consideration dementia in Senegal and to sensitise the community for primary prevention.