Dentofacial Abnormalities and Oral Health Status in Children with Cerebral Palsy
- Corresponding Author:
- Dr Mohamed A Jaber
Professor, Oral Surgery Department
Dubai College of Dental Medicine, Dubai
P O Box 505097, United Arab Emirates
Tel: +971-04 4248630
Mobile: +971-050 5178
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
Received Date: November 18, 2014; Accepted Date: December 22, 2014; Published Date: December 26, 2014
Citation: Mohamed A Jaber, Taha Allouch (2015) Dentofacial Abnormalities and Oral Health Status in Children with Cerebral Palsy. J Interdiscipl Med Dent Sci 3:164. doi: 10.4172/2376-032X.1000164
Copyright: © 2015 Jaber MA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the oral health conditions and treatment need of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) aged 4–17 years in United Arab Emirates (UAE) and provides baseline data to enable comparison and future planning of dental services.
Subjects and methods: The study included 52 patients with CP and 52 matched healthy control subjects. Each patient received a complete oral and periodontal examination using codes and criteria as described by WHO. Data analyzed using Fisher's exact test, Chi-square test and t-test.
Results: The prevalence of dental caries among children with CP was 90.0% (47/52) where as for the healthy controls was 54.0% (28/52). The overall means DMFT/dmft was 6.5. The restorative index (RI) and Met Need Index (MNI) for the CP children were 0.03 and 0.08 respectively. Children, 4-12 years old with CP had higher percentage of untreated caries, but lower percentage of filled teeth. The mean plaque index (2.35 ± 0.7); the probing depth (2.96 ± 0.8) and the average periodontal attachment loss 4.18 ± 1.3, all significantly greater in patients with CP than controls. And significantly high proportion of patients with CP (p<0.05) requiring complex periodontal treatment.
Conclusion: Results of this study indicate that the overall health of children with CP could be improved with earlier intervention and planned dental care.