Depression Predicts Smoking among Adolescent Girls but Not among Boys | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2375-4494

Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior
Open Access

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Depression Predicts Smoking among Adolescent Girls but Not among Boys

Sari Fröjd*Päivi Ala-Soini,Mauri Marttunen,Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino

School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland

*Corresponding Author:
Sari Fröjd
School of Health Sciences
University of Tampere 33014, Finland
Tel: 358405110113
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: October 29, 2013; Accepted Date: November 09, 2013; Published Date: November 16, 2013

Citation: Fröjd S, Ala-Soini P, Marttunen M, Kaltiala-Heino R (2013) Depression Predicts Smoking among Adolescent Girls but Not among Boys. J Child Adolesc Behav 1:114. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000114

Copyright: © 2013 Fröjd S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


This study investigates the comorbidity and longitudinal associations between smoking and self-reported
depression in a community-based sample of Finnish adolescents in a 2-year prospective follow-up study. The
adolescents took part in a school based survey, the Adolescent Mental Health Cohort Study, first in 9th grade (mean
age 15.5) and a follow-up survey was conducted two years later. The subjects of this study are 2070 adolescents
who took part in both surveys. Depression was measured by R-BDI, the Finnish version of Beck’s short 13-part
depression inventory. Smoking was measured by asking the respondents about their current smoking habits and
how many cigarettes they had smoked. A concurrent association between depression and smoking was detected
among both sexes both at age 15 and at age 17. Depression at age 15 emerged as a risk factor for smoking at
age 17 among girls but not among boys. Smoking at age 15 did not predict subsequent depression among either
sex. Not living with both parents at age 15 predicted subsequent depression among girls, and subsequent smoking
among boys.