Determining the Optimal Concentration of Fluoride in Drinking Water from the Republic of Macedonia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ambarkova Vesna
Faculty of Dentistry University
St. Cyril & Methodius, Macedonia
The Former Yugoslav Republic
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 29, 2016; Accepted date: May 17, 2016; Published date: May 24, 2016
Citation: Vesna A, Mira J, Mihail K, Shaban M, Guguvcevski L (2016) Determining the Optimal Concentration of Fluoride in Drinking Water from the Republic of Macedonia. J Interdiscipl Med Dent Sci 4:199. doi: 10.4172/2376-032X.1000199
Copyright: © 2016 Vesna A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the optimal concentration of fluoride in drinking water from 11 cities located on different sites throughout the Republic of Macedonia.
Method: The optimal level of fluoride in drinking water is universally calculated by applying the equation of Galagan and Vermillion, which permits the calculation of water as a function of temperature.
Results: The annual mean maximum temperatures (AMMT) recorded during the last 5 years were collected from the meteorological centres of the 11 divisional headquarter stations. The optimal fluoride concentration in drinking water from different cities in Macedonia was calculated to be 0.84 mgF/L in Gevgelija, 0.83 mgF/L in Demir Kapija, 0.88 mgF/L in Strumica, 0.89 mgF/L in Shtip, 0.9 mgF/L in Skopje (Zajcev Rid), 0.92 mgF/L in Bitola, 0.94 mgF/L in Prilep and Ohrid, 0.95 mgF/L in Kriva Palanka, 1.00 mgF/L in Berovo and 1.09 mgF/L in Lazaropole.
Conclusion: Determining the most appropriate concentration of fluoride in drinking water is crucial for communities. The optimal fluoride concentration in drinking water from different cities from the Republic of Macedonia was calculated to be between 0.84 -1.09 mg F/L.