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Distraction Osteogenesis in Implantology for Ridge Augmentation - A Systematic Review | OMICS International| Abstract

Journal of Dental Science and Medicine
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  • Review Article   
  • Dent Implants Dentures 2:119,
  • DOI: 10.4172/2572-4835.1000119

Distraction Osteogenesis in Implantology for Ridge Augmentation - A Systematic Review

Nida Sumra1 and Rohit Kulshrestha2*
1“Consulting Periodontist” Private Practice, , Mumbai, India
2“Consulting Orthodontist” Private Practice, , Mumbai, India
*Corresponding Author : Dr. Rohit Kulshrestha BDS, MDS, “Consulting Orthodontist” Private Practice, Mumbai, India, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Feb 14, 2017 / Accepted Date: Mar 06, 2017 / Published Date: Mar 31, 2017

Abstract

The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate distraction osteogenesis for ridge augmentation in implant dentistry and also to present the associated advantages and limitations. A Medline and manual search was conducted to identify clinical studies concerning distraction osteogenesis in implant dentistry published between 1998 to 2012. 52 articles were assessed. The articles included evaluated the type of distractor used, augmentation achieved and the success and survival rate of implant placed in the augmented site. It was seen that when comparing methods of regeneration, a decreased treatment time is seen in cases of distraction osteogenesis. The reason for this lies in the fact that within 12 weeks the distraction segments are formed and there is a increase noted in the height of the alveolar bone, from 5 to 15 mm as well as an implant survival rate of 95.7%. It can be concluded that distraction osteogenesis is a relatively simple, effective and reliable technique for alveolar ridge reconstruction in contemporary implant dentistry. It can be considered versatile owing to its simplicity, possibility of avoiding bone grafts, infections and blood transfusions. The fact that graft and membrane exposure or inadequate tissue coverage do not pose complications, makes this an effective method of bone augmentation in implantology

Keywords: Augmentation; Distraction osteogenesis; Implants; Success rate; Survival rate

Citation: Sumra N, Kulshrestha R (2017) Distraction Osteogenesis in Implantology for Ridge Augmentation - A Systematic Review. Dent Implants Dentures 2: 119. Doi: 10.4172/2572-4835.1000119

Copyright: © 2017 Sumra N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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