alexa Dynamics of Costs, Returns and Prices of Paddy in Assam, India | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2375-4338

Rice Research: Open Access
Open Access

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
  • Research Article   
  • J Rice Res 2019, Vol 7(3): 211

Dynamics of Costs, Returns and Prices of Paddy in Assam, India

Pinky Pathok* and Nivedita Deka
Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India
*Corresponding Author : Pinky Pathok, Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India, Tel: +919435052857, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: May 02, 2019 / Accepted Date: Jun 30, 2019 / Published Date: Jul 08, 2019

Abstract

Assam, an easternmost state of India has an agrarian economy with paddy as the principal crop occupying 60.87% of the cropped area. Paddy is mostly grown as rainfed crop in the state having only 15% paddy area under irrigation. Though some micro level study shows positive net return for paddy production, however, macro level data observation depicts negative net return for paddy. Still, farmers continue to cultivate paddy as it is the staple crop for the state. As no concrete analysis had been done on cost of production of paddy at the state level, an attempt has been made in this paper to understand the status and level of inputs used, costs and return from cultivation of paddy, its price in Assam based on data published by Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Government of India. The study found that the growth rate of yield per annum was low compared to cost of production and cost of cultivation. The yield could be enhanced by increasing the use of various strategic inputs up to the recommended level. Amongst all the inputs, human labour contributes higher percentage to cost of cultivation. Farmers were selling their paddy at a much lower rate than that offered by government through minimum support price (MSP) which might be due to distressed sale in the state. The study suggests replacing bullock labour by machine labour to reduce cost of cultivation at the state level. Recommended technology should be followed by the paddy growers to increase the yield that would result in higher gross and net return. Further, it could be suggested that government procurement agencies such as Food Corporation of India should buy the paddy from the farmers at MSP so that farmers’ net return become positive.

Keywords: Cost of cultivation; Net returns; Minimum support price; Paddy; Food Corporation of India; Assam

Citation: Pathok P, Deka N (2019) Dynamics of Costs, Returns and Prices of Paddy in Assam, India. J Rice Res 7: 211.

Copyright: © 2019 Pathok P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language

Post Your Comment Citation
Share This Article
Article Usage
  • Total views: 86
  • [From(publication date): 0-0 - Nov 19, 2019]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views: 67
  • PDF downloads: 19
Top