alexa Effect of Temperature and Salts on Phenol Bio-Availabil
ISSN: 2155-6199

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
Open Access

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Research Article

Effect of Temperature and Salts on Phenol Bio-Availability in Polluted-Sandy-Soils: A Practical Biotechnological Approach before Microbial Bioremediation

Gularte HF1*, Diaz ME2, Rendueles M1, Gutierrez A1, Jaili E3 and Diaz M1
1Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, University of Oviedo, Spain
2Physical and Analytical Chemistry Departments, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Oviedo, Spain
3Work and Sustainable Development, Soil and Mineral Research Office, Spain
Corresponding Author : Gularte HF
Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology
University of Oviedo, Spain
Tel: +447806620217
Fax: +34985103434
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 04, 2014; Accepted August 28, 2014; Published August 30, 2014
Citation: Gularte HF, Diaz ME, Rendueles M, Gutierrez A, Jaili E, et al. (2014) Effect of Temperature and Salts on Phenol Bio-Availability in Polluted-Sandy- Soils: A Practical Biotechnological Approach before Microbial Bioremediation. J Bioremed Biodeg 5:240. doi:10.4172/2155-6199.1000240
Copyright: © 2014 Gularte HF, et al. This is an open-a ccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Despite the huge amount of accidental spills of phenols and other similar compounds, it is still unclear for real cases how to work and clean huge amounts of polluted sandy soil with high phenol concentration, especially with factors related to the adsorbed fraction and its bio-availability for a bio-treatment process. This new approach is about how by the control of clean operation conditions, like natural soil characteristics, pH, salts (type and concentration), solid-liquid relation, stirring speed and temperature, it is possible to decrease or increase the adsorbed fraction and bio-availability of phenol in ex-situ reactors. The results of this work allowed enhancing phenol bio-availability and reducing its absorption in studied polluted soils. In addition, this showed how soil complexity works and interacts with analytes in media and opens the door for a real world process to bio-remediate similar soils in all kinds of environmental conditions.

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