alexa Effect of the Little Ice Age on Climate and Vegetation Recorded byn-Alkanes and Glycerol Dialkyl Glycerol Tetraether Proxies | OMICS International| Abstract

ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change

  • Research Article   
  • J Earth Sci Clim Change 2016, Vol 7(2): 331
  • DOI: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000331

Effect of the Little Ice Age on Climate and Vegetation Recorded byn-Alkanes and Glycerol Dialkyl Glycerol Tetraether Proxies

Machadoa KS1* and Froehnerb S2
1Department of Hydraulics and Sanitation, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba-PR 81531-980, Brazil
2Department of Environmental Engineering, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba-PR 81531-980, Brazil
*Corresponding Author : Machadoa KS, Department of Hydraulics and Sanitation, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba-PR, Brazil, Tel: +55-41-32096448, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jan 13, 2016 / Accepted Date: Feb 02, 2016 / Published Date: Feb 06, 2016

Abstract

Organic matter preserved in sediments originates from aquatic and terrestrial sources in a basin. In the absence of anthropogenic influence, variation in its composition may be related to changes in climate and vegetation composition. Here, a 400 yr sedimentary record from the Barigui river was investigated using n-alkane distributions and glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) indices to assess any environmental changes which occurred in the transition from the Little Ice Age to modern times. Three stages were observed: (i) between 1600 and 1730 AD, the climate was warmer and was less humid, and herbaceous plants overlapped with woody plants; (ii) between 1730 and 1800, the temperature gradually decreased and the level of precipitation remained low, hence, so woody plants predominated; (iii) the last stage was from 1800 to the present day, when the temperature and precipitation increased, resulting in optimum conditions for the blooming of phytoplankton and aquatic plants.

Keywords: Climatic changes; Little ice age; n-Alkane distributions; GDGT proxies

Citation: Machadoa KS, Froehnerb S (2016) Effect of the Little Ice Age on Climate and Vegetation Recorded by n-Alkanes and Glycerol Dialkyl Glycerol Tetraether Proxies. 7: 331. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000331

Copyright: © 2016 Machadoa KS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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