alexa Effect of the Little Ice Age on Climate and Vegetation
ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Open Access

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Research Article

Effect of the Little Ice Age on Climate and Vegetation Recorded by n-Alkanes and Glycerol Dialkyl Glycerol Tetraether Proxies

Machadoa KS1* and Froehnerb S2
1Department of Hydraulics and Sanitation, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba-PR 81531-980, Brazil
2Department of Environmental Engineering, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba-PR 81531-980, Brazil
*Corresponding Author : Machadoa KS
Department of Hydraulics and Sanitation
Federal University of Parana
Curitiba-PR, Brazil
Tel: +55-41-32096448
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: January 13, 2016 Accepted: February 02, 2016 Published: February 06, 2016
Citation: Machadoa KS, Froehnerb S (2016) Effect of the Little Ice Age on Climate and Vegetation Recorded by n-Alkanes and Glycerol Dialkyl Glycerol Tetraether Proxies. 7:331. doi:10.4172/2157-7617.1000331
Copyright: © 2016 Machadoa KS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Organic matter preserved in sediments originates from aquatic and terrestrial sources in a basin. In the absence of anthropogenic influence, variation in its composition may be related to changes in climate and vegetation composition. Here, a 400 yr sedimentary record from the Barigui river was investigated using n-alkane distributions and glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT) indices to assess any environmental changes which occurred in the transition from the Little Ice Age to modern times. Three stages were observed: (i) between 1600 and 1730 AD, the climate was warmer and was less humid, and herbaceous plants overlapped with woody plants; (ii) between 1730 and 1800, the temperature gradually decreased and the level of precipitation remained low, hence, so woody plants predominated; (iii) the last stage was from 1800 to the present day, when the temperature and precipitation increased, resulting in optimum conditions for the blooming of phytoplankton and aquatic plants.

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