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Effects of Consecutive Two Years Tobacco Cultivation on Soil Fertility status at Bheramara Upazilla in Kushtia District | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2375-4338

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  • Research Article   
  • J Rice Res 2018, Vol 6(1): 190
  • DOI: 10.4172/2375-4338.1000190

Effects of Consecutive Two Years Tobacco Cultivation on Soil Fertility status at Bheramara Upazilla in Kushtia District

Moula MS1*, Hossain MS2, Farazi MM3, Ali MH4 and Mamun MAA5
1Regional Lab, Kushtia, Soil Resource Development Institute, , Bangladesh
2Regional Lab, Mymensingh, Soil Resource Development Institute, , Bangladesh
3Central Lab, Dhaka, Soil Resource Development Institute, , Bangladesh
4Irrigation and Water Management Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, , Gazipur, Bangladesh
5Agricultural Statistics Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, , Gazipur, Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author : Moula MS, Regional Lab, Kushtia, Soil Resource Development Institute, Bangladesh, Tel: +8801983172520, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Feb 01, 2018 / Accepted Date: Feb 20, 2018 / Published Date: Feb 25, 2018

Abstract

The study was conducted to determine the effects of tobacco cultivation on soil fertility and to compare the fertility status of tobacco based cropping patterns growing plot with adjoining non-tobacco based cropping pattern growing plots on randomly selected farmers plots for two consecutive years at Bheramara Upazilla (AEZ 11-High Ganges River floodplain) of Kushtia district by farmers practice, where tobacco farming is popular and on increase and to get a good scenario of soil fertility status of tobacco farming in Bangladesh. However, in tobacco plots, average pH value decreases from 7.86 to 7.44, Organic Matter from 1.95% to 1.78%, K from 0.46 meq/100 g to 0.32 meq/100 g, P from 13.98 ppm to 9.10 ppm, S from 16.22 ppm to 10.89 ppm and Zn from 0.70 ppm to 0.53 ppm after two consecutive years. Whereas, at non-tobacco plots, average pH value decreases from 7.83 to 7.65, Organic Matter from 1.86% to 1.79%, K from 0.42 meq/100 g to 0.36 meq/100 g, P from 14.44 ppm to 11.23 ppm, S from 14.01 ppm to 12.42 ppm and Zn from 0.74 ppm to 0.61 ppm after two consecutive years. Almost, results from all tobacco plots showed that farming of tobacco in a same land frequently reduces its fertility; therefore the farmers don’t get productivity neither from tobacco nor from other food crops latter. Therefore, tobacco cultivation leads to soil fertility depletion in soils in almost all cases and tobacco takes extra nutrients from soil which also negatively effect on soil fertility.

Keywords: Agro Ecological Zone (AEZ) 11; Fertility Status; Soil Fertility Depletion; Tobacco Cultivation

Citation: Moula MS, Hossain MS, Farazi MM, Ali MH, Mamun MAA (2018) Effects of Consecutive Two Years Tobacco Cultivation on Soil Fertility status at Bheramara Upazilla in Kushtia District. J Rice Res 6: 190. Doi: 10.4172/2375-4338.1000190

Copyright: © 2018 Moula MS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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